Transmission Line Protection with Distance Relay


 Protection With the development in science and engineering the power system protection field also get advanced which includes the development of relays .the relays journey started by electromechanical then solid state and now digital and numerical relays .An economical and feasible solution to investigate the performance of relays and protection system offered by modeling of protective relays .Distance relay is one of the effective protective relays that are used for the protection of extra high voltage transmission lines.


Distance relays are considered of the high speed class and can provide protection. To detect the fault on transmission lines many distance relays are used but for long transmission line mho relay is most suited. The proposed work is about designing of numerical mho relay in MATLAB / SIMULINK to be used for distance protection schemes of long distance transmission lines with better result and characteristics.


The required mho relay algorithm is evaluated by using MATLAB to model the power system under different fault condition and simulate it by using phasor based method available in MATLAB simulation. Thus the modeling and simulation of numerical mho relay gives the improved result and greatly enhance the performance of mho relay


  1. Distance protection
  2. Numerical relays
  3. Matlab/Simulink





This work presents a detailed phasor model for a distance relay of mho characteristics. Mho relays are inherently directional so there is no need for directional elements in the relay model. Here the developed simulation is evaluated for line to line fault on the system, and the results found as Simulation results of different faults regarding type and position show clearly the accurate performance of the developed distance relay model.


From results it is seen that speed of operation of numerical mho relay is faster than impedance relay. The model versatility, adaptability and applicability promote it for use in power system simulators. Also, it can be used as a training tool to help users understand how a distance relay works and how settings are performed.


I. P.G. Mclaren SM, G.W. Swift SM, 2. Zhang, E. Dirks, R.P. Jayasinghe, I. Fernandouniversity Of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, R3T 2N2.” A New Directional Element For Numerical Distance Relays” IEEE Transactions On Power Delivery, Vol. 10, No. 2, April 1995.

II. P. G. Mclaren, K. Mustaphi, G. Benmouyal, S. Chano, A. Girgis, C. Henville, M. Kezunovic, L. Kojovic, R. Marttila, M. Meisinger, G. Michel, M. S. Sachdev, V. Skendzic, T. S. Sidhu, And D. Tziouvaras” Software Models For Relays” IEEE Transactions On  Power Delivery, VOL. 16, NO. 2, APRIL 2001.

III. Shailendra Kumar Saroj, Harish Balaga, D. N. Viswakarma (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi, India ” Discrete Wavelet Transform Based Numerical Protection Of Transmission Line ”, Department Of Electrical Engineering Indian Institute Of Technology

IV. Li-Cheng Wu, Chih-Wen Liu, Ching-Shan Chen,Member, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwa, “Modeling And Testing Ofa Digital Distance Relay Using MATLAB / SIMULINK ,IEEE Transaction On Power Delivery,2005.

V. Eng. Abdlmnam A. Abdlrahem , Dr.Hamid H Sherwali Modelling Of Numerical Distance Relays Using Matlab ”, “IEEE Symposium On Industrial Electronics And Applications”,Octobe,2009.

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