Transformer less Inverter with Virtual DC Bus Concept for Cost- Effective Grid-Connected PV Power Systems IEEE Electrical Projects

 

ABSTRACT:

In order to eliminate the common-mode (CM) leakage current in the transformer less photovoltaic (PV) systems, the concept of the virtual dc bus is proposed in this paper. By connecting the grid neutral line directly to the negative pole of the dc bus, the stray capacitance between the PV panels and the ground is bypassed. As a result, the CM ground leakage current can be suppressed completely. Meanwhile, the virtual dc bus is created to provide the negative voltage level for the negative ac grid current generation. Consequently, the required dc bus voltage is still the same as that of the full-bridge inverter. Based on this concept, a novel transformer less inverter topology is derived, in which the virtual dc bus is realized with the switched capacitor technology. It consists of only five power switches, two capacitors, and a single filter inductor. Therefore, the power electronics cost can be curtailed. This advanced topology can be modulated with the uni polar sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM) and the double frequency SPWM to reduce the output current ripple. As a result, a smaller filter inductor can be used to reduce the size and magnetic losses. The advantageous circuit performances of the proposed transformer less topology are analyzed in detail, with the results verified by a 500-W prototype.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Common mode (CM) current
  2. Photovoltaic (PV) system
  3. Switched capacitor
  4. Transformer less inverter
  5. Unipolar sinusoidal pulse width modulation (SPWM)
  6. Virtual dc bus.

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig.1 Proposed topology

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 Fig.2 Output current and grid voltage

Fig.3 Current harmonics distribution

Fig.4 Simulation waveform for reactive power generation

Fig.5 Enlarged figure for current stress on S3

Fig.6 CM current of H5 circuit

Fig.7 Current stress under different capacitor ratio for proposed circuit: (a) C1/C2=1/2; (b) C1/C2=2/1

CONCLUSION:

The concept of the virtual DC bus is proposed to solve the CM current problem for the transformerless grid-connected PV inverter. By connecting the negative pole of the DC bus directly to the grid neutral line, the voltage on the stray PV capacitor is clamped to zero. This eliminates the CM current completely. Meanwhile, a virtual DC bus is created to provide the negative voltage level. The required DC voltage is only half of the half bridge solution, while the performance in eliminating the CM current is better than the full bridge based inverters. Based on this idea, a novel inverter topology is proposed with the virtual DC bus concept by adopting the switched capacitor technology. It consists of only five power switches and a single filter inductor. The proposed topology is especially suitable for the small power single phase applications, where the output current is relatively small so that the extra current stress caused by the switched capacitor does not cause serious reliability problem for the power devices and capacitors. With excellent performance in eliminating the CM current, the virtual DC bus concept provides a promising solution for the transformerless grid-connected PV inverters.

REFERENCES:

[1] Benner, J.P.; Kazmerski, L.; , “Photovoltaics gaining greater visibility,” Spectrum, IEEE , vol.36, no.9, pp.34-42, Sep 1999

[2] Zheng Zhao; Ming Xu; Qiaoliang Chen; Jih-Sheng Lai; Younghoon Cho; , “Derivation of boost-buck converter based high-efficiency robust PV inverter,” Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE), 2010 IEEE , vol., no., pp.1479-1484, 12-16 Sept. 2010

[3] Erickson, R.W.; Rogers, A.P.; , “A Microinverter for Building-Integrated Photovoltaics,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, 2009. APEC 2009. Twenty-Fourth Annual IEEE , vol., no., pp.911-917, 15-19 Feb. 2009

[4] Kjaer, S.B.; Pedersen, J.K.; Blaabjerg, F.; , “A review of single-phase grid-connected inverters for photovoltaic modules,” Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on , vol.41, no.5, pp. 1292- 1306, Sept.-Oct. 2005

[5] Koutroulis, E.; Blaabjerg, F.; , “Design optimization of grid-connected PV inverters,” Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), 2011 Twenty-Sixth Annual IEEE , vol., no., pp.691-698, 6-11 March 2011

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