A Torque Ripple Suppression Circuit for Brushless DC Motors based on Power DC/DC Converters Wind Energy Projects

 

ABSTRACT:

This paper demonstrates a method of using a DC-DC boost conversion circuit to suppress the commutation torque ripple of a brushless DC (BLDC) motor with rectangular flux distribution. The commutation torque of a BLDC motor is depending on the commutation transient line current. To calculate the line current accurately, the phase resistance is taken into account, and the phase currents rising and falling speed are compared. Furthermore, it is proved that the line current will maintain constant if the DC voltage is lifted in the commutation period. The desired voltage is even higher than the supplied DC link voltage, if the back EMF is higher than two fifths of the input DC voltage. A super-lift Luo-converter is employed to increase the input voltage. The required waveform of the transient voltage is accomplished by changing the parameters of the power DC/DC converter based on the mathematical modeling for the proposed circuit. And the torque ripple is under control. The control stratagem for the torque ripple suppression is described in the paper and its reliability is testified by the simulation and experiment results.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Brushless DC (BLDC) motor
  2. Torque ripple
  3. Super-lift Luo-converter
  4. Mathematical modeling
  5. Commutation current

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. A typical BLDC drive system.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Simulated DC link current of the proposed BLDC drive system.

Fig. 3. Measured DC link current of a typical BLDC drive system.

Fig. 4. Measured DC link current of the proposed BLDC drive system.

REFERENCES:

[1] R Carlson, M Lajoie-Mazenc, J Fagundes. Analysis of torque ripple due to phase commutation in Brushless DC machines[J]. IEEE Trans. Ind.Applicat., 1992, 28: 632-638.

[2] Y Murai, Y Kawase, K Ohashi, et al. Torque ripple improvements for brushless DC miniature motors[J]. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 1989, 25(3): 441-450.

[3] Liu Yong, Zhu Z Q and David H, “Commutation-Torque-Ripple Minimization in Direct-Torque-Controlled PM Brushless DC Drives,” IEEE Trans on Industry Applications, vol.43, pp.1012-1021, July 2007.

[4] Zhang Xiaofeng and Lu Zhengyu, “A New BLDC Motor Drives Method Based on BUCK Converter for Torque Ripple Reduction,” IEEE 5th International Conf. on Power Electronics and Motion Control, vol. 2, pp. 1-4, August 2006.

[5] Ki-Yong Nam, Woo-Taik Lee, Choon-Man Lee and Jung-Pyo Hong, “Reducing torque ripple of brushless DC motor by varying input voltage,” IEEE Trans. on Magnetics, vol.42, pp. 1307 – 1310, April 2006.

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