A Solar Power Generation System With a Seven-Level Inverter Latest Electrical projects

ABSTRACT:

This paper proposes a new solar power generation system, which is composed of a dc/dc power converter and a new seven-level inverter. The dc/dc power converter integrates a dc–dc boost converter and a transformer to convert the output voltage of the solar cell array into two independent voltage sources with multiple relationships. This new seven-level inverter is configured using a capacitor selection circuit and a full-bridge power converter, connected in cascade. The capacitor selection circuit converts the two output voltage sources of dc–dc power converter into a three-level dc voltage, and the full-bridge power converter further converts this three-level dc voltage into a seven-level ac voltage. In this way, the proposed solar power generation system generates a sinusoidal output current that is in phase with the utility voltage and is fed into the utility. The salient features of the proposed seven-level inverter are that only six power electronic switches are used, and only one power electronic switch is switched at high frequency at any time. A prototype is developed and tested to verify the performance of this proposed solar power generation system.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Grid-connected
  2. Multilevel inverter
  3. Pulse-width modulated (PWM) inverter

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

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Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of the hybrid dc microgrid under study

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

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Fig. 2. Simulation results of the proposed solar power generation system: (a) utility voltage, (b) negative terminal voltage for adding the symmetric filter inductor, and (c) negative terminal voltage for adding the symmetric filter inductor and the extra filter Cf Rf Cf .

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Fig. 3. Experimental results for the ac side of the seven-level inverter:

(a) utility voltage, (b) output voltage of seven-level inverter, and (c) output current of the seven-level inverter

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Fig. 4. Experimental results for the dc side of the seven-level inverter:

(a) utility voltage, (b) voltage of capacitor C2, (c) voltage of capacitor C1,

and (d) output voltage of the capacitor selection circuit.

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Fig. 5. Experimental results of the dc–dc power converter: (a) ripple current of inductor, (b) ripple voltage of capacitor C2, and (c) ripple voltage of capacitor C1.

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Fig. 6. Output power scan of the solar cell array.

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Fig. 7. Experimental results for the MPPT performance of the proposed solar power generation system.

CONCLUSION:

This paper proposes a solar power generation system to convert the dc energy generated by a solar cell array into ac energy that is fed into the utility. The proposed solar power generation system is composed of a dc–dc power converter and a seven level inverter. The seven-level inverter contains only six power electronic switches, which simplifies the circuit configuration. Furthermore, only one power electronic switch is switched at high frequency at any time to generate the seven-level output voltage. This reduces the switching power loss and improves the power efficiency. The voltages of the two dc capacitors in the proposed seven-level inverter are balanced automatically, so the control circuit is simplified. Experimental results show that the proposed solar power generation system generates a seven-level output voltage and outputs a sinusoidal current that is in phase with the utility voltage, yielding a power factor of unity. In addition, the proposed solar power generation system can effectively trace the maximum power of solar cell array.

REFERENCES:

[1] R. A. Mastromauro, M. Liserre, and A. Dell’Aquila, “Control issues in single-stage photovoltaic systems: MPPT, current and voltage control,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informat., vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 241–254, May. 2012.

[2] Z. Zhao, M. Xu,Q. Chen, J. S. Jason Lai, andY. H. Cho, “Derivation, analysis, and implementation of a boost–buck converter-based high-efficiency pv inverter,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1304–1313, Mar. 2012.

[3] M. Hanif, M. Basu, and K. Gaughan, “Understanding the operation of a Z-source inverter for photovoltaic application with a design example,” IET Power Electron., vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 278–287, 2011.

[4] J.-M. Shen, H. L. Jou, and J. C. Wu, “Novel transformer-less grid connected power converter with negative grounding for photovoltaic generation system,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 1818– 1829, Apr. 2012.

[5] N. Mohan, T. M. Undeland, and W. P. Robbins, Power Electronics Converters, Applications and Design, Media Enhanced 3rd ed. New York, NY, USA: Wiley, 2003.

 

 

 

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