Power Quality Improvement and Mitigation Case Study Using Distributed Power Flow Controller Best Electrical Engineering Projects



According to growth of electricity demand and the increased number of non-linear loads in power grids, providing a high quality electrical power should be considered. In this paper, voltage sag and swell of the power quality issues are studied and distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. The DPFC is a new FACTS device, which its structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC). In spite of UPFC, in DPFC the common dc-link between the shunt and series converters is eliminated and three-phase series converter is divided to several single-phase series distributed converters through the line. The case study contains a DPFC sited in a single-machine infinite bus power system including two parallel transmission lines, which simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The presented simulation results validate the DPFC ability to improve the power quality.


  1. FACTS
  2. Power Quality
  3. Sag and Swell Mitigation
  4. Distributed Power Flow Controller



Fig. 1. The DPFC Structure


Fig. 2. Three-phase load voltage sag waveform

Fig. 3. Mitigation of three-phase load voltage sag with DPFC

Fig. 4. Three-phase load current swell waveform without DPFC

Fig. 5. Mitigation of three-phase load current swell with DPFC

Fig. 6. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage without DPFC

Fig. 7. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage with DPFC



To improve power quality in the power transmission system, there are some effective methods. In this paper, the voltage sag and swell mitigation, using a new FACTS device called distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is presented. The DPFC structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC) and has a same control capability to balance the line parameters, i.e., line impedance, transmission angle, and bus voltage magnitude. However, the DPFC offers some advantages, in comparison with UPFC, such as high control capability, high reliability, and low cost. The DPFC is modeled and three control loops, i.e., central controller, series control, and shunt control are design. The system under study is a single machine infinite-bus system, with and without DPFC. To simulate the dynamic performance, a three-phase fault is considered near the load. It is shown that the DPFC gives an acceptable performance in power quality mitigation and power flow control.


[1] S. Masoud Barakati, Arash Khoshkbar Sadigh and Ehsan Mokhtarpour, “Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multicell Converter” , North American Power Symposium (NAPS), pp.1 – 7, 2011

[2] Alexander Eigels Emanuel, John A. McNeill “Electric Power Quality”. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ 1997, pp. 263-303.

[3] I Nita R. Patne, Krishna L. Thakre “Factor Affecting Characteristics Of Voltage Sag Due to Fault in the Power System” Serbian Journal Of Electrical engineering. vol. 5, no.1, May2008, pp. 171-182.

[4] J. R. Enslin, “Unified approach to power quality mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Industrial Electronics (ISIE ’98), vol. 1, 1998, pp. 8– 20.

[5] B. Singh, K. Al-Haddad, and A. Chandra, “A review of active filters for power quality improvement,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 960–971, 1999.

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