Peak Current Detection a single stage position sensorless control based solar power fed PMBLDC (Permanent Magnet Brushless DC) motor drive scheme for irrigation pump is proposed in this paper. The proposed system is designed without using any mechanical sensor to reduce the cost along with the complexity of the system with optimum utilization of the solar Photovoltaic (PV) power.
Peak Current Detection The proposed system integrated with a PMBLDC motor drive coupled to a water pump is controlled by an inverter input voltage sensing based position sensorless control with high current detection and commutation point estimation based starting to wide speed range control .Elimination of position sensor, makes the system control compact and cheaper.
Peak Current Detection The peak current estimation based starting in sensorless mode, enables soft starting restricting high starting current with reliability like sensor based operation. The proposed drive is tested and validated on a developed laboratory prototype and its suitability is justified with different test results under steady state and dynamic operating conditions.
- Peak Current detection based starting
- Position sensorless control
- Incremental Conductance MPPT Algorithm
- PMBLDC motor drive
- Water pumping
Fig.1 System configuration of position sensorless brushless DC motor drive operated aqua pumping
EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULT:
Fig.2 Solar PV Array Performance (a) Steady-state and Starting performance at 1000 W/m2 insolation (b) Dynamic performance varying from 500 W/m2 to 1000 W/m2
Fig. 3 BLDC motor performance at sensorless scheme(a)Zero starting and steady state performance at 1000W/m2 irradiance(b)Dynamic performance varying from 500 W/m2 to 1000 W/m2 irradiance
Peak Current DetectionPosition sensorless control scheme of the BLDC motor has been presented for irrigation pump application. Sensorless control scheme has been justified for adverse environment application especially for rural areas. The performance of the proposed configuration has been evaluated satisfactory for water pumping application at different weather conditions.
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