Multiple – Input Bidirectional DC -DC Power Converter with Renewable Energy Source



A novel multiple–input converter with bidirectional power flow capability is proposed in this paper. By using bidirectional power flow approch, not only the buck mode but also the boost mode of operation can be possible. Moreover, by establishing single power converter for different sources we can reduce the components and so the size of overall system and cost can be reduced. In this topology independent of voltage level interconnection of voltage sources can be possible. One of the source used is solar panel which holds the predominant place for satsfying the futur enegry demand. In fuel cell vehicles different sources which having unequal voltage rating is needed with bidirectional power flow. Thus the proposed topology finds application in fuel cell vehicles (FCVs)/hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs).The operation principle, theoretical analysis, and design of the proposed converter are presented in this paper. Simulation results are used to verify both the exactness and feasibility of the proposed converter.


  1. DC –DC power converter
  2. Multiple input converter



Fig. 1. Functional block diagram of a FCV system



 Fig. 2. Simulation result of mode E inductor currents, voltages and dc link current

Fig. 3. Simulation result of mode F inductor currents, voltages and

dc link current

Fig. 4. Simulation result of mode G inductor currents, voltages and

dc link current


This paper has proposed a multiple-input bidirectional dc–dc converter to interface more than two sources of power/energy operating at different voltage levels. The converter can be operated either in buck mode or boost mode in either directions of power flow. It is possible to control the power flow between each pair of sources independently when more than two sources are active. This paper gives detailed analysis and operation of the converter for various modes. In each mode, the relationship between the sources is derived which assists in the implementation of the controller. Simulations are done with three sources. Results obtained from these systems have been presented and match very well with the analytically expected waveforms. This converter not only finds application in FCVs but also can be utilized in distributed energy resources, smart grid and microgrid, battery management systems, etc., where more than two dc sources need to be interfaced with bidirectional power flow capability


[1] S. Aso, M. Kizaki, and Y. Nonobe, “Development of hybrid fuel cell vehicles in Toyota,” in Proc. IEEE PCC, 2007, pp. 1606–1611

[2] K. Rajashekhara, “Power conversion and control strategies for fuel cell vehicles,” in Proc. IEEE IECON, 2003, pp. 2865–2870.

[3] C. Chan, “The state of the art of electric and hybrid vehicles,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 247-275, Feb. 2002

[4] B. Ozpineci, L. M. Tolbert, D. Zhong, “Multiple input converters for fuel cells,” in proc. Industry Applications Conference, 2004, vol. 2, pp. 791-797, 3-7 Oct. 2004

[5] Y.M. Chen, Y.C. Liu, and S.H. Lin, “Double-input PWM DC-DC converter for high/low voltage sources,” 25th International Telecommunications Energy Conference, 19-23 Oct. 2003, pp. 27–32.

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