Modeling and Control of Hybrid Power Filter using p-q Theory Best Electrical Engineering Projects

 

 ABSTRACT:

 The paper presents design of hybrid active power filter (HAPF) in a three-phase three-wire power system. Design is implemented with instantaneous reactive power theory for control of HAPF in order to mitigate harmonics generated by both non-linear and unbalanced load at the point of common coupling (peC). The p-q Theory enables the source current to be decomposed in αβ0 frame to obtain compensation current for each phase. The hysteresis band current controller is used to generate gating pulses for voltage source inverter (VSI). Over all harmonic reduction is achieved via the proposed control of HAPF and the THD levels are per the IEEE-519 standard. Investigation of proposed scheme is validated by extensive simulations using MATLAB / Simulink Sim-Power System tool box.

 KEYWORDS:

  1. Harmonics
  2. Passive Filter
  3. Active Filter
  4. Hybrid Filter
  5. Power Quality

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1: Basic Diagram of SAF

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2: Source Current THD (29.9%) without Filter

Fig. 3: Source Current THD (10. I 5%) using Passive Filter

Fig. 4: Source Current THD (4.47%) using Active Filter

Fig. 5: Source Current THD (2.02%) using HAPF

Fig. 6: Compensating Current for Phase a,b and c

Fig. 7: Load Current THD (10.39%) in HAPF

CONCLUSION

This paper highlights the efficacy of HAPF for improving the power quality by eliminating harmonics from power system. The HAPF with a constant power compensation control strategy and hysteresis-band current controller is proposed. A thorough simulation based investigation validates the competency of HAPF among all filters for harmonic mitigation in power system due to current quality problem. The performance examined has demonstrated the efficiency by reducing the source current THD for non-linear load. The THD is well below the specified limit ofIEEE-519 standard.

REFERENCES

[1] A. Baitha and N. Gupta, ” A comparative analysis of passive filters for power quality improvement”, Int. Conf on Advancements in Power and Energy (TAP Energy), pp. 327-332, 20 IS .

[2] B. Singh and V. Verma, “An improved hybrid filter for compensation of current and voltage harmonics for varying rectifier loads”. Int. J. Electrical Power & Energy Systems, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 312-xxx, May 2007.

[3] H. Fujita, T. Yamasaki, and H. Akagi, ” A hybrid active filters for damping of harmonic resonance in industrial power system,” IEEE Trans. on Power Electrics, Vol IS , No. 2, pp. 209-216, 2000.

[4] F.Z. Peng, H. Akagi, and A. Nanbe, ” A new approach to harmonic compensation in power systems-A combined system of shunt passive and series active filters,” I EEE Trans. on Ind. Appt, Vol. 26, pp. 983-990, Nov. 1990

[5] B. Singh and V. Verma, “Design and Implementation of a Current Controlled Parallel Hybrid Power Filter” Int. Conf on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, PEDES’06, pp. 1-7, 2006.

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