Improved MPPT method to increase accuracy and speed in photovoltaic systems under variable atmospheric conditions

ABSTRACT:

The changes in temperature and radiation cause visible fluctuations in the output power produced by the photovoltaic (PV) panels. It is essential to keep the output voltage of the PV panel at the maximum power point (MPP) under varying temperature and radiation conditions. In this study, a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) method has been developed which is based on mainly two parts: the first part is adapting calculation block for the reference voltage point of MPPT and the second one is Fuzzy Logic Controller (FLC) block to adjust the duty cycle of PWM applied switch (MOSFET) of the DC-DC converter. In order to evaluate the robustness of the proposed method, Matlab/Simulink program has been used to compare with the traditional methods which are Perturb & Observe (P&O), Incremental Conductance (Inc. Cond.) and FLC methods under variable atmospheric conditions. When the test results are observed, it is clearly obtained that the proposed MPPT method provides an increase in the tracking capability of MPP and at the same time reduced steady state oscillations. The accuracy of the proposed method is between 99.5% and 99.9%. In addition, the time to capture MPP is 0.021 sec. It is about four times faster than P&O and five times faster than for Inc. Cond. and, furthermore, the proposed method has been compared with the conventional FLC method and it has been observed that the proposed method is faster about 28% and also its efficiency is about 1% better than FLC method.

KEYWORDS:

  1. PV
  2. MPPT methods
  3. FLC based MPPT
  4. DC-DC converter

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Block diagram of the designed system.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. PV currents for proposed MPPT technique.

Fig. 3. PV voltages for proposed MPPT technique under variable irradiance (fixed temperature).

Fig. 4. PV power for four different MPPT techniques under variable temperature (fixed irradiance).

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Fig. 5. PV currents for proposed MPPT technique.

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Fig. 6. PV voltages for proposed MPPT technique under variable temperature (fixed irradiance).

Fig. 7. (a) P-V characteristics curve, (b) Tracking global peak point for proposed MPPT technique.

CONCLUSION:

This study proposes a novel MPPT method and the detailed performance comparison with commonly used methods such as P&O, Incremental conductance and FLC techniques is achieved. Under sudden change in atmospheric operating conditions, the proposed MPPT method performs better performance than other methods to determine MPP. The efficiency of proposed MPPT method is between 99.5% and 99.9%, while P&O is between 91% and 98%, Inc. Cond. Is between 96% and 99% and FLC is between 98.8% and 99.4% for all case studies. The proposed MPPT method has achieved the lowest oscillation rate at the MPP compared to commonly used methods. This brings the method to the forefront in terms of efficiency. The duration of the proposed MPPT technique to reach a steady state has been measured as 0.021 sec. It is about four times faster than P&O and five times faster than for Inc. Cond. and, furthermore, the proposed method has been compared with the conventional FLC method and it has been observed that the proposed method is faster about 28% than FLC method this means the speed of proposed MPPT technique is the best. At the same time, the amount of oscillation is very low compared to conventional methods. The accuracy of the algorithm is high (%99.9 in many study cases) and also the proposed method is easy to implement in the system.

REFERENCES:

[1] Luo HY, Wen HQ, Li XS, Jiang L, Hu YH. Synchronous buck converter based lowcost and high-efficiency sub-module DMPPT PV system under partial shading conditions. Energy Convers Manage 2016;126:473–87.

[2] Babaa SE, Armstrong M, Pickert V. Overview of maximum power point tracking control methods for PV systems. J Power Energy Eng 2014;2:59–72.

[3] Dolara AFR, Leva S. Energy comparison of seven MPPT techniques for PV systems. J Electromagn Anal Appl 2009;3:152–62.

[4] Ngan MS, Tan CW. A study of maximum power point tracking algorithms for standalone photovoltaic systems. Applied Power Electronics Colloquium (IAPEC): IEEE. 2011. p. 22–7.

[5] Liu JZ, Meng HM, Hu Y, Lin ZW, Wang W. A novel MPPT method for enhancing energy conversion efficiency taking power smoothing into account. Energy Convers Manage 2015;101:738–48.

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