Improved Controller and Design Method for Grid -Connected Three -Phase Differential SEPIC Inverter


Grid -Connected Single-ended primary-inductor converter (SEPIC) based differential inverters (SEPIC-BDI) have received wide concerns in renewable energy applications due to their modularity, galvanic isolation, decreased power stages, continuous input current, and step up/down capability. However, its design still has several challenges related to component design, the existence of complex right half plane (RHP) zeros, and increased sensitivity to component mismatches.


Grid -Connected In this context, this paper presents an improved control and enhanced design method for the three-phase SEPIC-BDI for grid-tied applications. A generalized static linearization approach (SLA) is proposed to mitigate the low-order harmonics. It practically simplifies the control complexity and decreases the required control loops and sensor circuits. The mismatch between the SEPIC converters in each phase is highly mitigated due to the independent operation of the SLA in each phase and the output dc offset currents are reduced.


Grid -Connected The proposed enhanced design methodology modifies the SEPIC open-loop transfer function by moving the complex RHP zeros to the left half-plane (LHP). Therefore, a simple proportional-integral (PI) controller effectively maintains converter stability without adding higher-order compensators in the literature. Moreover, a straightforward integrator in the control loop eliminates the negative sequence harmonic component (NSHC) and provides a low computational burden.


Simulations and experimental results based on 200V, 1.6 kW, 50 kHz prototype with silicon carbide (SiC) devices are provided to validate the effectiveness of the proposed work. The results show that the proposed controller and design method achieve pure output current waveforms at various operating points of the inverter and dc voltage variations.


  1. Differential inverter
  2. Renewable energy applications
  3. Negative sequence harmonic component
  4. Power converters
  5. Power losses
  6. Single-ended primary-inductor converter (SEPIC)



Figure 1. Circuit Schematic Of The Isolated Sepic-Bdi.


Figure 2. Simulation Results Of The Output Voltage And Grid Voltage Of One Sepic At Sepic-Bdi Using Cms.

Figure 3. Simulation Results Of The Output Voltage And Grid Voltage Of One Phase Leg Of Sepic-Bdi Using Proposed Mcms.


An enhanced design methodology and improved controller for three-phase SEPIC-BDI inverter have been proposed for grid-connected renewable energy applications. Additionally, this paper presented a generalized method based on the static linearization approach (SLA) for mitigating the low-order harmonic components, which are usually inherent by differential inverters.


The superiority and effectiveness of the proposed controller and SEPIC-BDI inverter system are validated using simulation and experimental results at voltage range (100-120 V) and power range (0.2-1.6 kW). By using the proposed SLA method with the SEPIC-BDI system, the mismatch effects between the different SEPIC converters are alleviated and the DC offset components in the output currents are eliminated.


Moreover, by selecting the converter parameters based on the proposed enhanced design methodology, more stable operation can be obtained by moving the complex RHP zeros to the LHP. Therefore, a simple PI controller is needed to maintain converter stability compared to the required nonlinear controllers and high order compensator types in the existing methods in the literature.


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