Implementation of Solar Photovoltaic System with Universal Active Filtering Capability

ABSTRACT:

In this work, a novel technique based on second order sequence filter and proportional resonant controller is proposed for control of universal active power filter integrated with PV array (UAPF-PV). Using a second order sequence filter and sampling it at zero crossing instant of the load voltage, the active component of distorted load current is estimated, which is used to generate reference signal for shunt active filter. The proposed method has good accuracy in extracting fundamental active component of distorted and unbalanced load currents with reduced mathematical computations. Along with power quality improvement, the system also generates clean energy through the PV array system integrated to its DC-link. The UAPF-PV  integrates benefits of power quality improvement and distributed generation. The system performance is experimentally evaluated on a prototype in the laboratory under a variety of disturbance conditions such as PCC voltage fall/rise, load unbalancing and variation in solar irradiation.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Power quality
  2. Universal active power filter
  3. Adaptive filtering
  4. Photovoltaic array
  5. Maximum power point tracking
  6. Sequence filter

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 CONCLUSION:

The performance of a novel control technique for solar PV system with universal active filtering, has been evaluated. The fundamental positive sequence components of nonlinear load currents are extracted using a second order sequence filter along with a zero cross detection technique. The series active filter is controlled using a proportional resonant controller implemented in α − β domain along with feedforward component. The system performs satisfactorily under disturbances such as PCC voltage dip/rise, changes in solar radiation and load disturbances. Apart from improving power quality, the system also supplies power from a PV array into the grid. A comparison of the proposed control shows that the system has improved performance as compared to conventional control techniques with low computational burden. The system integrates distributed generation along with enhancing power quality of distribution system.

REFERENCES:

[1] S. J. Pinto, G. Panda, and R. Peesapati, “An implementation of hybrid control strategy for distributed generation system interface using Xilinx system generator,” IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, vol. 13, no. 5, pp. 2735–2745, Oct 2017.

[2] B. Singh, A. Chandra, K. A. Haddad, Power Quality: Problems and Mitigation Techniques. London: Wiley, 2015.

[3] S. Singh, B. Singh, G. Bhuvaneswari, and V. Bist, “A power quality improved bridgeless converter-based computer power supply,” IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 4385–4394, Sept 2016.

[4] M. Peterson and B. N. Singh, “Multipulse controlled ac-dc converters for harmonic mitigation and reactive power management,” IET Power Electronics, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 443–455, July 2009.

[5] B. Singh, M. Kandpal, and I. Hussain, “Control of grid tied smart pv dstatcom system using an adaptive technique,” IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 3986–3993, Sept 2018.

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