Control and Implementation of a Standalone Solar Photo-Voltaic Hybrid System


A control algorithm for a standalone solar photovoltaic (PV)-diesel-battery hybrid system is achive in this paper. The proposed system deals with the irregular nature of the energy produce by the PV array and it also provides power quality improvement. The PV array is combined through a DC-DC boost converter and controlled using a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) algorithm to obtain the maximum power under varying operating conditions.

The battery energy storage system (BESS) is combined to the diesel engine generator (DG) set for the regulate load management and power flow within the system. The access based control algorithm is used for load balancing, harmonics elimination and reactive power compensation under three phase four-wire linear and nonlinear loads. A four-leg voltage source converter (VSC) with BESS also provides neutral current compensation. The performance of proposed standalone hybrid system is designed under different loading conditions experimentally on a developed prototype of the system.


  1. Admittance based control algorithm
  2. BESS
  3. DG set
  4. Four-leg VSC
  5. Neutral current compensation
  6. Power quality
  7. Solar photovoltaic array
  8. Standalone system



Fig. 1. Schematic diagram of the proposed system


Fig. 2. Performance of proposed system under unbalance nonlinear load


 The access based control technique has been used for a PV-diesel-battery hybrid system for an continuous power supply and power quality improvement. The incremental based MPPT algorithm has forwarded maximum solar array power under varying conditions of temperature and insolation distribution.

The technique has been show to eliminate harmonics, load balancing and to provide neutral current compensation by incorporating four-leg VSC in the system. The PCC voltage and frequency have been maintained constant. Satisfactory performance of the system has been observed through test results obtained for steady state and dynamic conditions under both linear/nonlinear loads.


[1] Z. Jiang, “Power Management of Hybrid Photovoltaic-Fuel Cell Power Systems”, Proc. of IEEE Power Engg. Society General Meeting, Montreal Quebec, Canada, 2006.

[2] A. Naik, R.Y. Udaykumar and V. Kole, “Power management of a hybrid PEMFC-PV and Ultra capacitor for stand-alone and grid connected applications”, Proc. of IEEE Int. Conf. Power Electron. Drives and Energy Sys. (PEDES), 2012, pp. 1-5.

[3] J. Philip, C. Jain, , K. Kant, B. Singh, S. Mishra, A. Chandra and K. Al- Haddad “Control and implementation of a standalone solar photo-voltaic hybrid system”, Proc. of IEEE Industry Applications Society Annual Meeting, Addison, TX, 18- 22 Oct. 2015, pp.1-8.

[4] J. Philip, B. Singh and S. Mishra, “Design and operation for a standalone DG-SPV-BES microgrid system”, Proc. of 6thIEEE Power India Int. Conf. (PIICON), Delhi, 5-7 Dec, 2014, pp.1-6.

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