Three-Phase For-Wire Shunt Active Filter With Unbalanced loads

 

ABSTRACT:

The electrical power quality at low voltage alternative networks became a serious concern because of the increased use of nonlinearloads and pollutants. This work is to improve the quality of electric current in such networks. Four-Wire Shunt Active Filter is studied; deferent loads (balanced and unbalanced) are discussed. We propose to identify harmonic and reactive currents at the base of Self-Tuning-Filters, which proved very good filtering performance, either in transient or steady state. The simulations demonstrate the importance of this work in harmonic filtering and reactive power compensation.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Shunt Active Filter (SAF)
  2. Total Harmonic Distortion(THD)
  3. Self-Tuning-Filter (STF)
  4. Unbalanced loads

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

 

 Fig. 1. Block diagram of the APF

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

 Fig.2 Simulation results of STFs under three balanced loads:

(a) Supply and loads currents, (b) 1st phase filter current, (c) Neutral currents,

(d) Harmonic current spectre of 1st phase load, (e) Harmonic current spectre of 1st phase of supply

 

 Fig.3 Simulation results under three unbalanced loads:

(a) Source and loads currents, (b) Neutral currents, (c) Filter currents,(d) Harmonic currentspectres of loads,(e) Harmonic current spectres of supply

                          

Fig.4 Supply voltage and current (phase 1)

CONCLUSION:

In this paper we have presented a new tree-phase for-wire active power filter based on STF extraction, to identifyharmonic current and reactive power. The objective was to improve the dynamic of identification method and also selectivity. The advantages of this filter are: STFs don’t introduce any displacement between input and output, at the fundamental pulsation. Good dynamic,and high selection of fundamental signal. Their selectivity is improved by reducing K. They can filtrate the voltages that are used to calculate instantaneous powers, to identify perturbation, and so PLL is not used. This method reduces the complexity of the control scheme and consequently facilitates the digital implementation of the control system. Those results demonstrate the good performances of the proposed control.

REFERENCES:

[l] M. Abdusalam, P. Poure,S. Saadate, “Hardware Implementation of a Three-PhaseActive Filter System with HarmonicIsolationBased on Self-Tuning-Filter”, IEEE. Power Electronics Specialists Conference, Aug. 2008, pp. 2276-2278.

[2] M. Abdusalam, P. Poure, S. Saadate, “A New Control Method of Hybrid Active Filter to Eliminate the 5th and 7th Harmonic Frequency Using Self-Tuning-Filter in the Feedforward Loop”. IREE, International Review of Electrical Engineering, Feb. 2008, pp. 65-72.

[3] A Ghamri, M.T Benchouia, A.Golea.,Sliding-mode Control Based Three-phase Shunt Active Power Filter: Simulation and Experimentation; Electric Power Components and Systems Journal, 2012, 40( 4): 383-398.

[4] M. Abdusalam, P. Poure, S. Saadate, “A New ControlScheme of Hybrid Active Filter Using Self-Tuning Filter”, POWERENG, International Conference on Power Engineering , Energy and Electrical Drives, Setubal Portugal,April. 2007, pp. 12-14.

[5] M.C. Benhabib, S. Saadate, “ New Control Approach for Four-Wire Active Power FilterBasedon the Use of Synchronous Reference Frame”,Elsevier B.V. Electric Power Systems Research 73,Nov. 2004, pp. 353–362. .

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