The Benefit of Harmonics Current Using a New Topology of Hybrid Active Power Filter

 

ABSTRACT:

 This paper presents a new idea to benefit of eliminated harmonics current by using a new topology of hybrid active power filter (HAPF) to compensate harmonics current to be sinusoidal in order to feed some loads. The design and simulation of a new three phase HAPF circuit using a shunt active power filter (APF) connected in parallel with a capacitor (C) line of a (LC) low pass filter (LPF) has been submitted.

The first aim of the new circuit is to use the LPF as a path to pass the fundamental frequency (50 Hz) current and eliminate other high order frequencies, while APF compensates high order frequencies and compensate reactive power of the circuit. The second aim is to benefit from the modified wave in the high frequency branch of LPF to use it as a useful power in order to feed different loads. In addition, With this topology, the resonance problem (which usually happens between LPF and the system) will disappear because of using of APF in the high frequency branch.

The control circuit has been designed based on the instantaneous reactive power theory. A Clarke transformation equations and hysteresis current controller have been used in the HAPF’s design. The proposed circuit has provided a good harmonic elimination, total harmonic distortion (THD) reduced, reactive power compensation and a reasonable sinusoidal waveform.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Harmonics Elimination
  2. Hybrid Active Power Filter
  3. Active Power Filter
  4. Passive Filters
  5. Total Harmonic Distortion

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

 

Fig. 1. New proposed HAPF

 EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

Fig. 2. C-branch’s current before adding APF

Fig. 3. Source current before filtering

Fig. 4. Source current after filtering

Fig. 5. The current of resistive load after filtering

 CONCLUSION:

This paper has presents a new topology of three phase HAPF. The system has been designed, tested and simulated by Matlab- Simulink program in three steps; firstly, without using filters, secondly, with LC low pass filter, finally, using LPF in combine with APF which represent HAPF. After a comparison between the values of total harmonic distortion (THD%) in three aforementioned circuits, the results of the simulation confirmed the effectiveness of the proposed HAPF because of the big decreasing in the THD value and high rate elimination of the harmonics. The proposed HAPF offers a reactive power compensation for the circuit because of using shunt APF. Consequently, the power quality of the circuit will improve. This paper has submit a new idea to benefit of eliminated harmonic current in the C-branch of LPF through using APF in shunt with C-branch of LPF and compensate high frequency currents in order to use it as a power supply to feed different loads. In this research, a resistive load has been presented as an invested load. However, in practical life lighting bulbs can be used as loads.

REFERENCES:

[1] C. Francisco, Harmonics and power systems. CRC press, 2006.

[2] B. Singh, B. N. Singh, A. Chandra, K. Al-Haddad, A. Pandey, and D. P. Kothari, “A review of three-phase improved power quality ac-dc converters,” Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 51, no. 3, pp. 641–660, 2004.

[3] L. Gyugyi and E. C. Strycula, “Active ac power filters,” in Proc. IEEE/IAS Annu. Meeting, vol. 19, 1976, pp. 529–535.

[4] L. Czarnecki, “An overview of methods of harmonic suppression in distribution systems,” in Power Engineering Society Summer Meeting, 2000. IEEE, vol. 2, 2000, pp. 800–805.

[5] A. Nassif, W. Xu, and W. Freitas, “An investigation on the selection of filter topologies for passive filter applications,” Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 1710–1718, July 2009.

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