Reactive Power Control of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Wind Generator With Matrix Converter

 ABSTRACT:

In this paper, the reactive power control of a variable speed permanent-magnet synchronous wind generator with a matrix converter at the grid side is improved. A generalized modulation technique based on singular value decomposition of the modulation matrix is used to model different modulation techniques and investigate their corresponding input reactive power capability. Based on this modulation technique, a new control method is proposed for the matrix converter which uses active and reactive parts of the generator current to increase the control capability of the grid-side reactive current compared to conventional modulation methods. A new control structure is also proposed which can control the matrix converter and generator reactive current to improve the grid-side maximum achievable reactive power for all wind speeds and power conditions. Simulation results prove the performance of the proposed system for different generator output powers.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Matrix converter
  2. Permanent-magnet synchronous generator (PMSG)
  3. Reactive power control
  4. Singular value decomposition (SVD) modulation
  5. Variable-speed wind generator

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Simplified control block diagram of a PMSG.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Generator-side active and reactive power and the maximum grid side

reactive power versus generator shaft speed  ɷm for different strategies.

Fig. 3. Matrix converter grid-side reactive power and the generator direct axis current (Igd) , terminal voltage and losses for ɷm = 1 rad/s.

Fig. 4. Matrix converter grid-side reactive power and the generator direct axis

Current (Igd) , terminal voltage, and losses for ɷm = 4.5 rad/s.

 CONCLUSION:

In this paper, a new control strategy is proposed to increase the maximum achievable grid-side reactive power of a matrix converter-fed PMS wind generator. Different methods for controlling a matrix converter input reactive power are investigated. It is shown that in some modulation methods, the grid-side reactive current is made from the reactive part of the generator-side current. In other modulation techniques, the grid-side reactive current is made from the active part of the generator-side current. In the proposed method, which is based on a generalized SVD modulation method, the grid-side reactive current is made from both active and reactive parts of the generator-side current. In existing strategies, a decrease in the generator speed and output active and reactive power, will decrease the grid-side reactive power capability. A new control structure is proposed which uses the free capacity of the generator reactive power to increase the maximum achievable grid-side reactive power. Simulation results for a case study show an increase in the grid side reactive power at all wind speeds if the proposed method is employed.

 REFERENCES:

[1] P. W.Wheeler, J. Rodríguez, J. C. Clare, L. Empringham, and A.Weinstein, “Matrix converters: A technology review,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 49, no. 2, pp. 276–288, Apr. 2002.

[2] L. Zhang, C. Watthanasarn, and W. Shepherd, “Application of a matrix converter for the power control of a variable-speed wind-turbine driving a doubly-fed induction generator,” Proc. IEEE IECON, vol. 2, pp. 906–911, Nov. 1997.

[3] L. Zhang and C.Watthanasarn, “A matrix converter excited doubly-fed induction machine as a wind power generator,” in Proc. Inst. Eng. Technol. Power Electron. Variable Speed Drives Conf., Sep. 21–23, 1998, pp. 532–537.

[4] R. CárdenasI, R. Penal, P. Wheeler, J. Clare, and R. Blasco-Gimenez, “Control of a grid-connected variable speed wecs based on an induction generator fed by a matrix converter,” Proc. Inst. Eng. Technol. PEMD, pp. 55–59, 2008.

[5] S. M. Barakati, M. Kazerani, S. Member, and X. Chen, “A new wind turbine generation system based on matrix converter,” in Proc. IEEE Power Eng. Soc. Gen. Meeting, Jun. 12–16, 2005, vol. 3, pp. 2083–2089.

Analysis and Design of Three-Level, 24-Pulse Double Bridge Voltage Source Converter Based HVDC System for Active and Reactive Power Control

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with the analysis, design and control of a three-level 24-pulse Voltage Source Converter (VSC) based High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) system. A three level VSC operating at fundamental frequency switching (FFS) is proposed with 24-pulse VSC structure to improve the power quality and reduce the converter switching losses for high power applications. The design of three-level VSC converter and system parameters such as ac inductor and dc capacitor is presented for the proposed VSC based HVDC system. It consists of two converter stations fed from two different ac systems. The active power is transferred between the stations either way. The reactive power is independently controlled in each converter station. The three-level VSC is operated at optimized dead angle (β). A coordinated control algorithm for both the rectifier and an inverter stations for bidirectional active power flow is developed based on FFS and local reactive power generation. This results in a substantial reduction in switching losses and avoiding the reactive power plant. Simulation is carried to verify the performance of the proposed control algorithm of the VSC based HVDC system for bidirectional active power flow and their independent reactive power control.

 

KEYWORDS

Voltage Source Converter (VSC), Three-level VSC, Fundamental Frequency Switching (FFS), HVDC System, Power Flow Control, Reactive Power Control, Power Quality, Total Harmonic Distortion (THD), Dead Angle (β).

 

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

image001

Fig. 1 Three-level 24-pulse double bridge VSC based HVDC system

 

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

image002

Fig. 2a Performance of rectifier station during reactive power control of three level 24-pulse VSC HVDC system

image003

Fig. 2b Performance of Inverter station during reactive power control at rectifier station of three-level 24 pulse VSC HVDC system

image004

Fig. 2c Variation of (δ) and (α) values for rectifier and inverter Stations for reactive power variation of a three-level 24-pulse VSC HVDC system

image005

Fig. 3a Rectifier station during active power reversal of three-level 24-pulse VSC HVDC system

image006

Fig. 3b Inverter station during active power reversal of three-level 24-pulse VSC HVDC system

image007

Fig. 3c Variation of (δ) and (α) values during active power reversal of three level 24-pulse VSC HVDC system.

 

CONCLUSION

A new three-level, 24-pulse voltage source converter based HVDC system operating at fundamental frequency switching has been designed and its model has been developed and it is successfully tested for the independent control of active and reactive powers and acceptable level harmonic requirements. The reactive power has been controlled independent of the active power at both conditions. The converter has been successfully operated in all four quadrants of active and reactive powers with the proposed control. The reversal of the active power flow has been implemented by reversing the direction of dc current without changing the polarity of dc voltage which is very difficult in conventional HVDC systems. The power quality of the HVDC system has also improved with three-level 24-pulse converter operation. The harmonic performance of this three-level, 24-pulse VSC has been observed to an equivalent to two-level 48-pulse voltage source converter.

 

REFERENCES

[1] “It’s time to connect,” Technical description of HVDC Light Technology, ABB HVDC Library.

[2] J. Arrillaga, “High Voltage Direct Current Transmission,” 2nd Edition, IEE Power and Energy Series 29, London, 1998.

[3] Vijay K. Sood, “HVDC and FACTS Controllers – Applications of Static Converters in Power Systems,” Kluwer Academic Publishers, Masachusetts, 2004.

[4] J. Arrillaga, Y. H. Liu and N. R. Waston, “Flexible Power Transmission- The HVDC Options,” John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2007.

[5] J. Arrillaga and M. E. Villablanca, “A modified parallel HVDC convertor for 24 pulse operation,” IEEE Trans. on Power Delivery, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 231-237, Jan 1991.