High-performance multilevel inverter drive of brushless DC Motor


The brushless DC (BLDC) motor has numerous applications in high-power systems; it is simple in construction, is cheap, requires less maintenance, has higher efficiency, and has high power in the output unit. The BLDC motor is driven by an inverter. This paper presents design and simulation for a three-phase three-level inverter to drive the BLDC motor. The multilevel inverter is driven by discrete three-phase pulse width modulation (DPWM) generator that forced-commuted the IGBT’s three-level converters using three bridges to vectored outputs 12- pulses with three levels. Using DPWM with a three-level inverter solves the problem of harmonic distortions and low electromagnetic interference. This topology can attract attention in high-power and high-performance voltage applications. It provides a three-phase voltage source with amplitude, phase, and frequency that are controllable. The proposed model is used with the PID controller to follow the reference speed signal designed by variable steps. The system design is simulated by using Matlab/Simulink. Satisfactory results and high performance of the control with steady state and transient response are obtained. The results of the proposed model are compared with the variable DC-link control. The results of the proposed model are more stable and reliable.


  1. Brushless DC Motor
  2. Multilevel Inverter
  3. High-Performance Drive
  4. Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
  5. Maltlab
  6. Simulink



Figure 1. BLDC motor with MLI driven with PID controller.



 Figure. 2. Output of three-phase three-level inverter with DPWM.

Figure 3. The sample from output of the DPWM

Figure 4. Analysis of response for the proposed MLI with PID controller of BLDC motor.

Fig. 5. Two outputs of controllers with proposed MLI and variable DC-link


The proposed MLI performance analysis was successfully presented by using Matlab/Simulink software. The proposed topology can be easily extended to a higher-level inverter. The simulation results were sine waves and exhibited fewer ripples and low losses. This system would show its feasibility in practice. The vector control was described in adequate detail and was implemented with a three-level MLI. This method enabled the operation of the drive at zero direct axis stator current. Transient results were obtained when a DPWM was started from a standstill to a required speed. The performance of the vector control in achieving a fast reversal of PDPWM even at very high speed ranges is quite satisfactory. The performance of the proposed three-phase MLI was investigated and was found to be quite satisfactory. A comparison was made between the PID controller–based proposed model MLI and the controller with variable DC-link voltage. The results showed that the proposed model responded better in transient and steady states and was more reliability with high performance.


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