This paper presents a new system structure for integrating a grid-connected photovoltaic (PV) system together with a self-supported dynamic voltage restorer (DVR).
The proposed system termed as a “six-port converter,” consists of nine semiconductor switches in total. The proposed configuration retains all the essential features of normal PV and DVR systems while reducing the overall switch count from twelve to nine.
In addition, the dual functionality feature significantly enhances the system robustness against severe symmetrical/asymmetrical grid faults and voltage dips.
A detailed study on all the possible operational modes of six-port converter is presented. An appropriate control algorithm is developed and the validity of the proposed configuration is verified through extensive simulation as well as experimental studies under different operating conditions.
- Bidirectional power flow
- Distributed power generation
- Photovoltaic (PV) systems
- Power quality
- Voltage control
Fig. 1. Proposed integrated PV and DVR system configuration.
EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:
Fig. 2. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during health grid mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: inactive). (a) Vpcc; (b) PQload; (c) PQgrid; (d) PQpv-VSI; and (e) PQdvr-VSI.
Fig. 3. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during fault mode (PV-VSI: inactive and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr; (c) Vload; (d) PQload; (e) PQgrid; (f) PQpv-VSI; and (g) PQdvr-VSI.
Fig. 4. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during balance three phase sag mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr-VSI; (c) Vload; (d) PQgrid; (e) PQpv-VSI; and (f) PQdvr-VSI.
Fig. 5. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during unbalanced sag mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr-vsi; (c) Vload; (d) PQgrid; (e) PQpv-VSI; and (f) PQdvr-VSI.
Fig. 6. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during inactive PV plantmode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vload; (c) Vdc; (d) PQload; (e) PQdvr-VSI; and (f) PQpv-VSI.
In this paper, a new system configuration for integrating a conventional grid-connected PV system and self supported DVR is proposed.
The proposed configuration not only exhibits all the functionalities of existing PV and DVR system, but also enhances the DVR operating range.
It allows DVR to utilize active power of PV plant and thus improves the system robustness against sever grid faults.
The proposed configuration can operate in different modes based on the grid condition and PV power generation.
The discussed modes are healthy grid mode, fault mode, sag mode, and PV inactive mode.
The comprehensive simulation study and experimental validation demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed configuration and its practical feasibility to perform under different operating conditions.
The proposed configuration could be very useful for modern load centers where on-site PV generation and strict voltage regulation are required.
 R. A. Walling, R. Saint, R. C. Dugan, J. Burke, and L. A. Kojovic, “Summary of distributed resources impact on power delivery systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1636–1644, Jul. 2008.
 C. Meza, J. J. Negroni, D. Biel, and F. Guinjoan, “Energy-balance modeling and discrete control for single-phase grid-connected PV central inverters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2734–2743, Jul.2008.
 T. Shimizu, O. Hashimoto, and G. Kimura, “A novel high-performance utility-interactive photovoltaic inverter system,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 704–711, Mar. 2003.
 S. B. Kjaer, J. K. Pedersen, and F. Blaabjerg, “A review of single-phase grid-connected inverters for photovoltaic modules,” IEEE Trans. Ind.Appl., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1292–1306, Sep./Oct. 2005.
 T. Esram, J. W. Kimball, P. T. Krein, P. L. Chapman, and P. Midya, m“Dynamic maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic arrays using ripple correlation control,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1282–1291, Sep. 2006.