Standalone Operation of Modified Seven-Level Packed U-Cell (MPUC) Single-Phase Inverter

ABSTRACT:

In this paper the standalone operation of the modified seven-level Packed U-Cell (MPUC) inverter is given and consider. The MPUC inverter has two DC sources and six switches, which cause seven voltage levels at the output. Compared to cascaded H-bridge and neutral point clamp multilevel inverters, the MPUC inverter generates a higher number of voltage levels using fewer components. The experimental results of the MPUC prototype validate the appropriate operation of the multilevel inverter dealing with various load types including motor, linear, and nonlinear ones. The design considerations, including output AC voltage RMS value, switching frequency, and switch voltage rating, as well as the harmonic analysis of the output voltage waveform, are taken into account to prove the advantages of the introduced multilevel inverter.

KEYWORDS:

1. Multilevel inverter
2. Packed u-cell
3. Power quality
4. Multicarrier PWM
5. Renewable energy conversion

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Figure 1. Single-phase seven-level MPUC inverter in standalone mode of operation

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Figure 2. Seven-level MPUC inverter output voltage and current with DC source voltages. Ch1: V1,
Ch2: V2, Ch3: Vab, Ch4: il.

Figure 3. One cycle of output voltage and gate pulses of MPUC inverter switches. Ch1: Vab, Ch2: T1
gate pulses, Ch3: T2 gate pulses, Ch4: T3 gate pulses

Figure 4. MPUC inverter switches’ voltage ratings. Ch1: Vab, Ch2: T1 voltage, Ch3: T2 voltage, Ch4:
T3 voltage. and nonlinear). The step-by-step process for connecting loads is depicted in Figure 7, which show

Fig.5. Test results when a nonlinear load is connected to the MPUC inverter.Ch1 :Vab :Ch4 :il.

Figure 6. Output voltage and current waveform of MPUC inverter when different loads are added
step by step. Ch1: Vab, Ch4: il. (A) Transient state when nonlinear load is added to the RL load (left)
and after a while a motor load is added to the system (right); (B) steady state when a nonlinear load is
added to the RL load (left) and after a while a motor load is added to the system (right).

Figure 7. Voltage and current waveform of MPUC inverter with RMS calculation for 120 V system.

CONCLUSION:

In this paper a reconfigured PUC inverter topology has been presented and studied experimentally. The proposed MPUC inverter can generate a seven-level voltage waveform at the output with low harmonic contents. The associated switching algorithm has been designed and implemented on the introduced MPUC topology with reduced switching frequency aspect. Switches’ frequencies and ratings have been investigated experimentally to validate the good dynamic performance of the proposed topology. Moreover, the comparison of MPUC to the CHB multilevel inverter showed other advantages of the proposed multilevel inverter topology, including fewer components, a lower manufacturing price, and a smaller package due to reduced filter size.
Author Contributions: All authors contributed equally to the work presented in this paper.
Funding: This research received no external funding.
Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

REFERENCES:

1. Bose, B.K. Multi-Level Converters; Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute: Basel, Switzerland, 2015.
2. Mobarrez, M.; Bhattacharya, S.; Fregosi, D. Implementation of distributed power balancing strategy with a layer of supervision in a low-voltage DC microgrid. In Proceedings of the 2017 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), Tampa, FL, USA, 26–30 March 2017; pp. 1248–1254.
3. Franquelo, L.G.; Rodriguez, J.; Leon, J.I.; Kouro, S.; Portillo, R.; Prats, M.A.M. The age of multilevel converters arrives. IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag. 2008, 2, 28–39. [CrossRef]
4. Malinowski, M.; Gopakumar, K.; Rodriguez, J.; Perez, M.A. A survey on cascaded multilevel inverters. IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. 2010, 57, 2197–2206. [CrossRef]
5. Nabae, A.; Takahashi, I.; Akagi, H. A new neutral-point-clamped PWM inverter. IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl. 1981,5, 518–523. [CrossRef]

A Switched-Capacitor Inverter Using Series/Parallel Conversion with Inductive Load

ABSTRACT

A novel switched-capacitor inverter is proposed. The proposed inverter outputs larger voltage than the input voltage by switching the capacitors in series and in parallel. The maximum output voltage is determined by the number of the capacitors. The proposed inverter, which does not need any inductors, can be smaller than a conventional two-stage unit which consists of a boost converter and an inverter bridge. Its output harmonics are reduced compared to a conventional voltage source single phase full bridge inverter. In this paper, the circuit configuration, the theoretical operation, the simulation results with MATLAB/ SIMULINK, and the experimental results are shown. The experimental results accorded with the theoretical calculation and the simulation results.

KEYWORDS

  1. Charge pump
  2. Multicarrier PWM
  3. Multilevel Inverter
  4. Switched capacitor (SC)

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

image002
Fig. 1. Circuit topology of the switched-capacitor inverter using series/ parallel conversion.

 

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS

image004

Fig. 2. Simulated voltage waveforms of the proposed inverter (n = 2) designed for high power at 4.50 [kW], switching frequency f = 40 [kHz] and reference waveform frequency fref = 1 [kHz]. (a) Bus voltage waveform vbus and (b) the output voltage waveform vout.

image006

Fig. 3. Simulated current waveforms of the capacitor iC1 in the proposed inverter (n = 2).(a) Designed for low power at 5.76 [W] and (b) designed for high power at 4.50 [kW].

image008

Fig. 4. Simulated spectra of the bus voltage waveform of the proposed inverters (n = 2) normalized with the fundamental component. (a) Designed for low power at 5.76 [W] and (b) designed for high power at 4.50 [kW].

image010

Fig. 5. Simulated bus voltage waveforms vbus and the voltage waveforms of the load resistance vR of the proposed inverter (n = 2) designed for low power at 5.76 [W] with an inductive load.

CONCLUSION

In this paper, a novel boost switched-capacitor inverter was proposed. The circuit topology was introduced. The modulation method, the determination method of the capacitance, and the loss calculation of the proposed inverter were shown. The circuit operation of the proposed inverter was confirmed by the simulation results and the experimental results with a resistive load and an inductive load. The proposed inverter outputs a larger voltage than the input voltage by switching the capacitors in series and in parallel. The inverter can operate with an inductive load. The structure of the inverter is simpler than the conventional switched-capacitor inverters. THD of the output waveform of the inverter is reduced compared to the conventional single phase full bridge inverter as the conventional multilevel inverter.

REFERENCES

[1] H. Liu, L. M. Tolbert, S. Khomfoi, B. Ozpineci, and Z. Du, “Hybrid cascaded multilevel inverter with PWM control method,” in Proc. IEEE Power Electron. Spec. Conf., Jun. 2008, pp. 162–166.

[2] A. Emadi, S. S. Williamson, and A. Khaligh, “Power electronics intensive solutions for advanced electric, hybrid electric, and fuel cell vehicular power systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 567–577, May 2006.

[3] L. G. Franquelo, J. Rodriguez, J. I. Leon, S. Kouro, R. Portillo, and M. A. M. Prats, “The age of multilevel converters arrives,” IEEE Ind. Electron. Mag., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 28–39, Jun. 2008.

[4] Y. Hinago and H. Koizumi, “A single phase multilevel inverter using switched series/parallel DC voltage sources,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 2643–2650, Aug. 2010.

[5] S. Chandrasekaran and L. U. Gokdere, “Integrated magnetics for interleaved DC–DC boost converter for fuel cell powered vehicles,” in Proc. IEEE Power Electron. Spec. Conf., Jun. 2004, pp. 356–361.