Fuzzy Controller for Three Phases Induction Motor Drives

ABSTRACT:

Because of the low maintenance and robustness induction motors have many applications in the industries. Most of these applications need fast and smart speed control system. This paper introduces a smart speed control system for induction motor using fuzzy logic controller. Induction motor is modeled in synchronous reference frame in terms of dq form. The speed control of induction motor is the main issue achieves maximum torque and efficiency. Two speed control techniques, Scalar Control and Indirect Field Oriented Control are used to compare the performance of the control system with fuzzy logic controller. Indirect field oriented control technique with fuzzy logic controller provides better speed control of induction motor especially with high dynamic disturbances. The model is carried out using Matlab/Simulink computer package. The simulation results show the superiority of the fuzzy logic controller in controlling three-phase induction motor with indirect field oriented control technique.

 KEYWORDS:

  1. Vector control
  2. Fuzzy logic
  3. Induction motor drive

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

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Fig. 1. Block diagram of scalar controller for IM.

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Fig. 2. Indirect Field Oriented Control of IM.

 EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

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Fig. 3. Speed response of scalar and vector control

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Fig 4. Torque response of scalar and vector control.

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Fig. 5. Flux response of scalar control.

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Fig. 6. Flux response of vector control.

CONCLUSION:

Fuzzy logic controller shows fast control response with three-phase induction motor. Two different control techniques are used with Fuzzy logic controllers which are scalar and field oriented control techniques. Fuzzy logic controller system shows better response with these two techniques. Meanwhile, the scalar controller has a sluggish response than FOC because of the inherent coupling effect in field and torque components. However, the developed fuzzy logic control with FOC shows fast response, smooth performance, and high dynamic response with speed changing and transient conditions.

 REFERENCES:

 [1] A. Mechernene, M. Zerikat and M. Hachblef, “Fuzzy speed regulation for induction motor associated with field-oriented control”, IJ-STA, volume 2, pp. 804-817, 2008.

[2] Leonhard, W.,” Controlled AC drives, a successful transfer from ideas to industrial practice”, CETTI, pp: 1-12, 1995.

[3] M. Tacao, “Commandes numérique de machines asynchrones par lagique floue”, thése de PHD, Université de Lava- faculté des science et de génie Québec, 1997.

[4] Fitzgerald, A.E. et al., Electric Machinery, 5th Edn, McGraw-Hill, 1990.

[5] Marino, R., S. Peresada and P. Valigi, “Adaptive input-output linearizing control of induction motors”, IEEE Trans. Autom. Cont., 1993.