Integrated Photovoltaic and Dynamic Voltage Restorer System Configuration


This paper presents a new system structure for integrating a grid-connected photo voltaic (P V) system together with a self-supported dynamic voltage restorer (DVR). The proposed system termed as a “six-port converter,” consists of nine semiconductor switches in total. The proposed configuration retains all the essential features of normal P V and DVR systems while reducing the overall switch count from twelve to nine. In addition, the dual functionality feature significantly enhances the system robustness against severe symmetrical/asymmetrical grid faults and voltage dips. A detailed study on all the possible operational modes of six-port converter is presented. An appropriate control algorithm is developed and the validity of the proposed configuration is verified through extensive simulation as well as experimental studies under different operating conditions.


  1. Bidirectional power flow
  2. Distributed power generation
  3. Photovoltaic (PV) systems
  4. Power quality
  5. Voltage control




 Fig. 1. Proposed integrated PV and DVR system configuration.


Fig. 2. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during health grid mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: inactive). (a) Vpcc; (b) PQload; (c) PQgrid; (d) PQpv-VSI; and (e) PQdvr-VSI.

Fig. 3. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during fault mode (PV-VSI: inactive and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr; (c) Vload; (d) PQload; (e) PQgrid; (f) PQpv-VSI; and (g) PQdvr-VSI.

Fig. 4. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during balance three phase sag mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr-VSI; (c) Vload; (d) PQgrid; (e) PQpv-VSI; and (f) PQdvr-VSI.

Fig. 5. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during unbalanced sag mode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vdvr-vsi; (c) Vload; (d) PQgrid; (e) PQpv-VSI; and (f) PQdvr-VSI.

Fig. 6. Simulation results: operation of proposed system during inactive PV plantmode (PV-VSI: active and DVR-VSI: active). (a) Vpcc; (b) Vload; (c) Vdc; (d) PQload; (e) PQdvr-VSI; and (f) PQpv-VSI.


 In this paper, a new system configuration for integrating a conventional grid-connected P V system and self supported DVR is proposed. The proposed configuration not only exhibits all the functionalities of existing P V and DVR system, but also enhances the DVR operating range. It allows DVR to utilize active power of P V plant and thus improves the system robustness against sever grid faults. The proposed configuration can operate in different modes based on the grid condition and P V power generation. The discussed modes are healthy grid mode, fault mode, sag mode, and P V inactive mode. The comprehensive simulation study and experimental validation demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed configuration and its practical feasibility to perform under different operating conditions. The proposed configuration could be very useful for modern load centers where on-site P V generation and strict voltage regulation are required.


[1] R. A. Walling, R. Saint, R. C. Dugan, J. Burke, and L. A. Kojovic, “Summary of distributed resources impact on power delivery systems,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1636–1644, Jul. 2008.

[2] C. Meza, J. J. Negroni, D. Biel, and F. Guinjoan, “Energy-balance modeling and discrete control for single-phase grid-connected PV central inverters,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2734–2743, Jul.2008.

[3] T. Shimizu, O. Hashimoto, and G. Kimura, “A novel high-performance utility-interactive photovoltaic inverter system,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 704–711, Mar. 2003.

[4] S. B. Kjaer, J. K. Pedersen, and F. Blaabjerg, “A review of single-phase grid-connected inverters for photovoltaic modules,” IEEE Trans. Ind.Appl., vol. 41, no. 5, pp. 1292–1306, Sep./Oct. 2005.

[5] T. Esram, J. W. Kimball, P. T. Krein, P. L. Chapman, and P. Midya, m“Dynamic maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic arrays using ripple correlation control,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 1282–1291, Sep. 2006.

Design of an Efficient Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Compensating Voltage Sags, Swells, and Phase Jumps


This paper presents a novel design of a dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) which mitigate voltage sags, swell and phase jumps by injecting minimum active power in system and provides the constant power at load side without any disturbance. The design of this compensating device presented here includes the combination of P WM-based control scheme, d q 0 transformation and PI controller in control part of its circuitry, which enables it to minimize the power rating and to response promptly to voltage quality problems faced by today’s electrical power industries.


immense knowledge of power electronics was applied in order to design and model of a complete test system solely for analyzing and studying the response of this efficient DVR. In order to realize this control scheme of DVR MAT LAB/SIM U LINK atmosphere was used. The results of proposed design of DVR’s control scheme are compared with the results of existing classical DVR which clearly demonstrate the successful compensation of voltage quality problems by injecting minimum active power.



 Fig.1. Block Diagram of DVR



Fig.2.Source Voltage with Sag of 0.5 p.u.

Fig.3.Load Voltage after Compensation through proposed DVR

Fig.4. Load Voltage after Compensation through classical DVR

Fig.5. Voltage injected by proposed DVR as response of Sag

Fig.6.Source Voltage with Swell of 1.5 p.u.

Fig.7. Load Voltage after compensation through proposed DVR

Fig.8. Load Voltage after Compensation through classical DVR

Fig.9. Voltage injected by DVR as response of Swell

Fig.10. .Load Voltage after Compensation of Phase jump

Fig.11. d q 0 form of difference voltage obtained by proposed DVR

Fig.12. d q 0 form of difference voltage obtained by classical DVR


As the world is moving towards modernization, the most essential need that it has is of an efficient and reliable power of excellent quality. Nowadays, more and more sophisticated devices are being introduced, and their sensitivity is  dependent upon the quality of input power. Because even a slight disturbance in power quality, such as Voltage sags, voltage swells, and harmonics, which lasts in tens of milliseconds, can result in a huge loss because of the failure of end use equipment s. For catering such voltage quality problems an efficient DVR is proposed in this paper with the capability of mitigating voltage sags, swells, and phase jumps by injecting minimum active power hence decreasing the VA rating of DVR.


[1] K u m  a r, R. A nil, G. Siva K u mar, B. K a l y an K u mar, and Ma he sh K. Mi s h  R a. “Compensation of voltage sags and harmonics with phase jumps through DVR with minimum VA rating using Particle Swarm Optimization.” In Nature & Biologically Inspired Computing, 2009. NaBIC 2009. World Congress on, pp. 1361-1366. IEEE, 2009.
[2] Song song, Chen, Wang Jian wei, Ga o Wei, and Hu Xiaoguang. “Research and design of dynamic voltage restorer.” In Industrial Informatics (INDIN), 2012 10th IEEE International Conference on, pp. 408-412. IEEE, 2012.
[3] A. Bendre, D. Divan, W. Kranz, and W. E. Brumsickle, “Are Voltage Sags Destroying Equipment?,” IEEE Industry Applications Magazine, vol. 12, pp. 12-21, July-August 2006.


An Enhanced Voltage Sag Compensation Scheme for Dynamic Voltage Restorer


This paper deals with improving the voltage quality of sensitive loads from voltage sags using dynamic voltage restorer (DVR). The higher active power requirement associated with voltage phase jump compensation has caused a substantial rise in size and cost of dc link energy storage system of DVR. The existing control strategies either mitigate the phase jump or improve the utilization of dc link energy by (i) reducing the amplitude of injected voltage, or (ii) optimizing the dc bus energy support.


this paper, an enhanced sag compensation strategy is proposed that mitigates the phase jump in the load voltage while improving the overall sag compensation time. An analytical study shows that the proposed method significantly increases the DVR sag support time (more than 50%) compared with the existing phase jump compensation methods. This enhancement can also be seen as a considerable reduction in dc link capacitor size for new installation. The performance of proposed method is evaluated using simulation study and finally, verified experimentally on a scaled lab prototype.



 Fig. 1 Basic DVR based system configuration.



Fig. 2. Simulation results for the proposed sag compensation method for 50% sag depth. (a) PC C voltage, (b) load voltage, (c) DVR voltage, (d) DVR active and reactive power, and (e) dc link voltage.

Fig. 3. Simulation results for the proposed sag compensation method for 23% sag depth. (a) PC C voltage, (b) load voltage, (c) DVR voltage, (d) DVR active and reactive power, and (e) dc link voltage.


This paper proposed an enhanced sag compensation scheme for capacitor supported DVR. The proposed strategy improves the voltage quality of sensitive loads by protecting them against the grid voltage sags involving the phase jump. It also increases compensation time by operating in minimum active power mode through a controlled transition once the phase jump is compensated. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method an analytical comparison is carried out with the existing phase jump compensation schemes. It is shown that compensation time can be extended from 10 to 25 cycles (considering pr e sag injection as the reference method) for the designed limit of 50% sag depth with 450 phase jump. Further extension in compensation time can be achieved for intermediate sag depths.


extended compensation time is seen as considerable reduction in dc link capacitor size (for the studied case more than 50%) for the new installation. MAT LAB/Sim u link software evaluated the effectiveness of the proposed method through extensive simulations and validated on a scaled lab prototype experimentally. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed phase jump compensation method for practical applications.


[1] J.A. Martinez and J.M. Ar n ed o, “Voltage sag studies in distribution
networks- part I: System modeling,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol.
21,no. 3, pp. 338–345, Jul. 2006.
[2] J.G. Nielsen, F. Bl a ab j e r g and N. Mo h  an, “Control strategies for
dynamic voltage restorer, compensating voltage sags with phase jump,”
in Proc. IEEE AP EC, 2001, pp. 1267–1273.
[3] J.D. Li, S.S. Choi, and D.M. Vi l a t h g a m u w a, “Impact of voltage phase
jump on loads and its mitigation,” in Proc. 4th Int. Power Electron.
Motion Control Conf., Xian, China, Aug. 14–16, 2004, vol. 3, pp. 1762–

Transformerless DVR Topology Based on Multilevel Inverter with Reduced Number of Switches


In this paper, a transformerless dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) in light of the staggered inverter is proposed. This staggered inverter utilizes decreased number of switches. Therefore, the proposed DVR has bring down number of switches in correlation with other staggered inverter based DVR topologies. Likewise, it has bring down misfortune and cost because of no requirement for infusion transformers. As reenactment results utilizing Matlab/Simulink programming will appear, the proposed DVR can adjust for voltage lists, swells and glimmers.



Fig. 1. Proposed DVR circuit configuration.



Fig.2 Voltage sag and swell compensation; from top to bottom, source voltage, DVR output voltage before filtering, filtered injection voltage and compensated load voltage.

Fig 3. Voltage flicker compensation; from top to bottom, source voltage, DVR output voltage before filtering, filtered injection voltage and compensated load voltage.



In this paper, a transformerless DVR dependent on the staggered inverter was proposed. Because of utilizing this inverter, the proposed DVR has bring down number of switches in examination with other staggered DVR topologies. Working standards and the power circuit of the proposed DVR was clarified. The DVR was displayed and furthermore control and exchanging system was talked about in subtleties. At last, recreation results demonstrated the DVR capacities in remunerating voltage lists, swells and glimmer.


Photovoltaic Based Dynamic Voltage Restorer with Energy Conservation Capability using Fuzzy Logic Controller


In this paper, a Photovoltaic based Dynamic Voltage Restorer (PV-DVR) is proposed to deal with profound voltage droops, swells and blackouts on a low voltage single stage private dispersion framework. It can recoup hangs up to 10%, swells up to 190% of its ostensible esteem. Else, it will work as a Uninterruptable Power Supply (UPS) when the utility network neglects to supply. It is likewise intended to diminish the use of utility power, which is produced from atomic and warm power stations. An arrangement infusion transformer is associated in arrangement with the heap while reestablishing voltage droop and swell and it is reconfigured into parallel association utilizing semiconductor switches when it is working in UPS and power saver mode. The utilization of high advance up dc-dc converter with high-voltage gain lessens the size and required power rating of the arrangement infusion transformer. It likewise enhances the dependability of the framework. The Fuzzy Logic (FL)  controller with two data sources keeps up the heap voltage by distinguishing  the voltage varieties through d-q change strategy. Reproduction results have demonstrated the capacity of the proposed DVR  in moderating the voltage list, swell and blackout in a low voltage single stage private appropriation framework.




Fig. 1. Structural block diagram of the proposed system.



  • (a) Supply Voltage
  • (b) Injected Voltage
  • (c) Load Voltage
  • (d) Load Current

(e) Load voltage THD

Fig. 2. Supply voltage, Injected voltage, Load voltage, Load Current and

Fig. 3. Load Voltage with PI controller

  • (a) PV array output voltage without low power boost converter

(b) PV array output voltage with low power boost converter

Fig. 4. PV array output voltage without and with boost converter

Fig. 5. Output voltage of the high step up DC-DC converter


This paper proposed another PV based DVR to lessen the vitality utilization from the utility network. The plan of a Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) which consolidates a PV exhibit module with low and high power support converters as a DC voltage source to relieve voltage hangs, swells and blackouts in low voltage single stage conveyance frameworks utilizing FL controller has been introduced. The displaying and reenactment of the proposed PV based DVR utilizing MATLAB simulink has been exhibited. The FL controller uses the blunder motion from the comparator to trigger the switches of an inverter utilizing a sinusoidal PWM conspire. The proposed DVR uses the vitality drawn from the PV cluster and the utility source to charge the battries amid typical task. The put away energies in battery are changed over to a customizable single stage air conditioning voltage for alleviation of voltage list, swell and blackout. The recreation result demonstrates that the PV based DVR with FL controller gives better unique execution in alleviating the voltage varieties. The proposed DVR is worked in:

Reserve Mode: when the PV exhibit voltage is zero and the inverter isn’t dynamic in the circuit to hold the voltage to its ostensible esteem.

Dynamic Mode: when the DVR faculties the list, swell and blackout. DVR responds quick to infuse the required single stage pay voltages.

Sidestep Mode: when DVR is separated and skirted if there should arise an occurrence of support and fix.

Power Saver mode: when the PV cluster with low advance up dc-dc converter yield control is sufficient to deal with the heap.

Further work will incorporate a correlation with research facility investigates a low voltage DVR so as to think about recreation and trial results. The various elements of DVR require further examination.

Performance Improvement of DVR by Control of Reduced-Rating with A Battery Energy Storage


Performance improvement of Voltage infusion strategies for DVRs (Dynamic Voltage Restorers) and working modes are settled in this paper. Utilizing fuzzy logic control DVR with dc link& with Battery Energy Storage System frameworks are worked. Power quality issues for the most part consonant contortion, voltage swell and droop are diminished with DVR utilizing Synchronous Reference Theory (SRF hypothesis) with the assistance of fuzzificaton waveforms are watched.



 Fig.1.Block Diagram of DVR


Fig.2 Voltage waveforms at common coupling point (PCC) and load during harmonic distortion

Fig.3. the dc voltage injection from Battery energy Storage System connected DVR system at voltage swelling period

 Fig.4. DVR waveforms during voltage sag at time of voltage in phase injection

 Fig.5 Amplitude of load voltages and PCC voltages w.r.t time

 Fig 6.DVR waveforms during harmonic distortion at the time of voltage in phase injection


By applying distinctive voltage infusion conspires the job of DVR has been appeared with a most recent control strategy. The introduction of DVR has been offset with different plans with a decreased rating VSC. For gaining the power of DVR, the reference stack voltages have been resolved with the assistance of unit vectors, for which the blunder of voltage addition is diminished. By utilizing SRF hypothesis the reference DVR voltages have been resolved. At last, the outcome inferred are that the in stage voltage addition with PCC voltage diminishes the DVR rating and yet at its DC transport the vitality source is squandered. battery energy storage system. Performance Improvement of DVR by Control of Reduced-Rating with A Battery Energy Storage.


Balanced Voltage Sag Correction Using Dynamic Voltage Restorer Based Fuzzy Polar Controller


Numerous controllers based fluffy rationale have been connected on electric power framework. As often as possible, time reaction of the fluffy controllers is gradually, on the grounds that the quantity of participation capacities are too much. Many research are proposed to limit the quantity of enrollment work, for example, fluffy polar controller technique. By utilizing this strategy, number of enrollment capacity can be limited, so the time reaction of the controller turn out to be quicker. This paper displays the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) based Fuzzy Polar Controller Method to remunerate adjusted voltage list. Reenactment results demonstrate this proposed technique can repay adjusted voltage hang superior to PI controller.



 Fig. 1. Block diagram of DVR


 Fig. 2. 50% of voltage sags at bus A

Fig. 3. 50% sags correction using DVR based PI Controller

Fig. 4. 50% sags correction using DVR based fuzzy polar controller


DVR based PI Controller can keep up half voltage hangs at 110 % and 30% voltage droops at 98%. DVR based Fuzzy Polar Controller can keep up half voltage lists at 100 % and 30% voltage lists at 97%. As per the mistake normal everything being equal, are demonstrated that the execution of DVR based Fuzzy Polar Controller superior to DVR based PI Controller. Further investigation for unbalance remedy is being attempted to demonstrate the viability of the proposed controller.


Operation and Control of a Dynamic Voltage Restorer Using Transformer Coupled H-Bridge Converters


The dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) as a methods for arrangement remuneration for relieving the impact of voltage lists has turned out to be built up as a favored methodology for enhancing power quality at delicate load areas. In the mean time, the fell staggered kind of intensity converter topology has additionally turned into a workhorse topology in high power applications. This paper exhibits the nitty gritty structure of a shut circle controller to keep up the heap voltage inside adequate dimensions in a DVR utilizing transformer coupled H bridge converters. The paper presents framework task and controller configuration approaches, checked utilizing PC reproductions, and a research center scale exploratory model.




Fig. 1 Interconnection schematic of (a) series and (b) shunt compensation configurations

for power quality improvement.


Fig.2 Simulation results for balanced sag. From top to bottom traces are grid voltage, positive sequence of grid voltage, negative sequence of grid voltage, injected voltage, and load voltage.

Fig 3. Simulation results for unbalanced sag. From top to bottom traces are grid voltage, positive sequence of grid voltage, negative sequence of grid voltage, injected voltage, and load voltage.



This paper has exhibited the acknowledgment and control highlights of a DVR utilizing an air conditioner stacked staggered converter with fell H bridge converters. The power circuit engineering has been talked about pursued by a model advancement prompting the controller plan. The framework is displayed in the synchronous reference outline representing positive and negative succession voltage hangs to be alleviated. The multi-circle controller with complex state criticism decoupling is structured with an inward current circle and external voltage circle. The controller highlights strong structure edges, incredible yield impedance, and line direction as outlined utilizing recurrence reaction predications. Point by point numerical reproduction has been completed to check the power circuit activity and control plot. A research facility scale test model was produced that checks the power circuit task and controller execution. Test results demonstrate superb concurrence with advanced reenactments.

Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based Dynamic Voltage Restorer for Improvement of Power Quality


Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) is a custom power gadget utilized as a successful arrangement in shielding touchy burdens from voltage aggravations in power dissemination frameworks. The productivity of the control system, that directs the exchanging of the inverters, decides the DVR effectiveness. Corresponding Integral-Derivative (PID) control is the general method to do that. The power quality rebuilding capacities of this controller are constrained, and it produces critical measure of music – all of which comes from this straight procedure’s application for controlling non-direct DVR. As an answer, this paper proposes an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) based controller for improving rebuilding and sounds concealment abilities of DVR. A point by point examination of Neural Network controller with PID driven controller and Fuzzy rationale driven controller is additionally represented, where the proposed controller exhibited unrivaled execution with a unimportant 13.5% Total Harmonic Distortion.



Fig. 1 Simulation model for sag mitigation with ANN controller.



Fig.2 Three phase sag mitigation based on ANN controlled DVR. (a) Instantaneous voltage at stable condition; (b) Instantantaneous voltage when sag occurs; (c) Voltage required to mitigate voltage sag; (d) Output voltage of the inverter circuit; (e) Generated PWM for inverter; (f) Instantaneous voltage after voltage restoration.

Fig 3. Restored Voltage Using (a) PID controller; (b) Fuzzy controller; (c) ANN controller; (d)THD comparison: the least THD can be seen at ANN based DVR, the range of the harmonics is also truncated by a huge amount by this method.



DVRs are a famous decision for upgrading power quality in power frameworks, with a variety of control framework on offer to drive these gadgets. In this paper, utilization of ANN to work DVR for giving preferable execution over existing frameworks to relieve voltage list, swell, and music has been illustrated. Issue articulation and hypothetical foundation, structure of the proposed strategy, preparing system of the ANN utilized have been portrayed in detail. Recreation results demonstrating the DVR execution amid voltage droop have been exhibited. Examination of the proposed technique with the well known PID controller, and nonlinear Fuzzy controller has been completed, where the proposed ANN controller showed up as the best choice to reestablish framework voltage while alleviating THD to the best degree.

DVR with Fuzzy Logic Controller and Photovoltaic for Improving the Operation of wind farm


Wind control is a standout amongst the most imperative sort of sustainable power sources. Wind cultivate as a gadget which gets this vitality needs some exceptional conditions to work appropriately. The most widely recognized kind of wind turbine is the variable-speed straightforwardly associated with the matrix. Blames in the power framework can begin the detachment of wind ranches. Dynamic voltage reestablish (DVR) is a custom power gadget utilized for disposing of voltage sages and swells which is the aftereffect of the issues. This paper exhibits a reproduction model of a 12-beat DVR utilizing photovoltaic (PV) as a mean of giving an elective vitality source to the DVR. In this examination, the plan of a fluffy rationale (FL) controlled DVR are exhibited and reached out to perform quick blame identification. Another control technique for DVR is proposed by consolidating FL with a bearer adjusted PWM inverter. Recreations were completed utilizing the MATLAB SIMULINK. The recreation results demonstrated the ability of PV-based DVR in wiping out voltage droop and swell disseminated framework. Enhancing the task of wind cultivate as a vitality generator and balancing out its voltage is the principle consequence of this work.



Fig 1 General system



Fig. 2 supply voltage in swell condition

Fig.3 DVR injection voltage in swell condition

Fig.4 wind farm voltage in swell condition after compensation

Fig.5. supply voltage in sag condition

Fig.6 DVR injection voltage in sag condition

Fig.7 wind farm voltage after compensation

Fig.8. Wind farm current after compensation (in both sag and swell condition)



In this paper, A 12-beat DVR is planned and through utilizing new control technique all voltage hangs and swells in the circuit is commonly redressed. For this situation the terminal voltage which is associated with the breeze turbine remain consistent and in spite of the voltage flimsiness in system wind generators will have the capacity to stay associated with the system and work in stable condition through utilizing DVR. In this article we could remunerate an appropriation frameworks when droop and swell voltages happen in an exact and controlled way. This controlling strategy depends on fluffy control which is mimicked by Matlab/Simulink programming. Additionally in this paper to give a wellspring of DC DVR we have utilized PV which is a sort of normal vitality source. The reproduction results affirm all.