Harmonics Reduction And Power Quality Improvement By Using DPFC

 

ABSTRACT:

The DPFC is derived from the unified power-flow controller (UPFC). The DPFC can be considered as a UPFC with an eliminated common dc link. The active power exchange between the shunt and series converters which is through the common dc link in the UPFC is now through the transmission lines at the third-harmonic frequency. The DPFC employs the distributed concept, in which the common dc-link between the shunt and series converters are eliminated and three-phase series converter is divided to several single-phase series distributed converters through the line. According to the growth of electricity demand and the increased number of non-linear loads in power grids harmonics, voltage sag and swell are the major power quality problems. DPFC is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. Simulations are carried out in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The presented simulation results validate the DPFC ability to improve the power quality.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Load flow control
  2. FACTS
  3. Power Quality
  4. Harmonics
  5. Sag and Swell Mitigation
  6. Distributed Power Flow Controller
  7. Y–Δ transformer

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. DPFC configuration

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

Fig 2. three phase voltage sag waveform without DPFC

 

Fig. 3 three phase voltage sag waveform with DPFC

 Fig.4 3-ϕ load current swell waveform without DPFC

Fig.5 Mitigation of 3-ϕ load current swell with DPFC

             

Fig.6 Total harmonic distortion of load voltage without DPFC

.Fig.7 Total harmonic distortion of load voltage with DPFC

 CONCLUSION:

This paper has presented a new concept called DPFC. The DPFC emerges from the UPFC and inherits the control capability of the UPFC, which is the simultaneous adjustment of the line impedance, the transmission angle, and the bus voltage magnitude. The common dc link between the shunt and series converters, which is used for exchanging active power in the UPFC, is eliminated. This power is now transmitted through the transmission line at the third-harmonic frequency. The series converter of the DPFC employs the DFACTS concept, which uses multiple small single-phase converters instead of one large-size converter. The reliability of the DPFC is greatly increased because of the redundancy of the series converters. The total cost of the DPFC is also much lower than the UPFC, because no high-voltage isolation is required at the series-converter part and the rating of the components of is low. To improve power quality in the power transmission system, the harmonics due to nonlinear loads, voltage sag and swell are mitigated. To simulate the dynamic performance, a three-phase fault is considered near the load. It is shown that the DPFC gives an acceptable performance in power quality improvement and power flow control.

 REFERENCES:

[1] S.Masoud Barakati Arash Khoshkbar sadigh and Mokhtarpour.Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multicell Converter North American Power Symposium (NAPS),pp.1-7,2011.

[2] Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan, Braham Frreira and Dalibor Cevoric “A FACTS Device: Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, vol.25, no.10, October 2010.

[3] Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan and Braham Frreira “DPFC control during shunt converter failure” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics 2009.

[4] M. D. Deepak, E. B. William, S. S. Robert, K. Bill, W. G. Randal, T. B. Dale, R. I. Michael, and S. G. Ian, “A distributed static series compensator system for realizing active power flow control on existing power lines,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 642–649, Jan. 2007.

[5] D. Divan and H. Johal, “Distributed facts—A new concept for realizing grid power flow control,” in Proc. IEEE 36th Power Electron. Spec. Conf. (PESC), 2005, pp. 8–14.

Design and Implementation of DPFC for Power Quality Improvement and Harmonic Mitigation

 

ABSTRACT:

According to growth of electricity demand and the increased number of non-linear loads in power grids, providing a high quality electrical power should be considered. In this paper, voltage sag and swell of the power quality issues are studied and distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. The DPFC is a new FACTS device, which its structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC). In spite of UPFC, in DPFC the common dc-link between the shunt and series converters is eliminated and three-phase series converter is divided to several single-phase series distributed converters through the line. The case study contains a DPFC sited in a single-machine infinite bus power system including two parallel transmission lines, which simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The presented simulation results validate the DPFC ability to improve the power quality.

KEYWORDS:

  1. FACTS
  2. Power Quality
  3. Sag and Swell Mitigation
  4. Distributed Power Flow Controller

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig.1. The DPFC Structure

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

Fig.2. Three-phase load voltage sag waveform.

Fig.3. Mitigation of three-phase load voltage sag with DPFC.

Fig.4. Three-phase load current swell waveform without DPFC

Fig.5. Mitigation of three-phase load current swell with DPFC.

Fig.6. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage without DPFC.

Fig.7. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage with DPFC.

 CONCLUSION:

To improve power quality in the power transmission system, there are some effective methods. In this paper, the voltage sag and swell mitigation, using a new FACTS device called distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is presented. The DPFC structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC) and has a same control capability to balance the line parameters, i.e., line impedance, transmission angle, and bus voltage magnitude. However, the DPFC offers some advantages, in comparison with UPFC, such as high control capability, high reliability, and low cost. The DPFC is modeled and three control loops, i.e., central controller, series control, and shunt control are design. The system under study is a single machine infinite-bus system, with and without DPFC. To simulate the dynamic performance, a three-phase fault is considered near the load. It is shown that the DPFC gives an acceptable performance in power quality mitigation and power flow control.

REFERENCES:

[1] Ahmad Jamshidi, S. Masoud Barakati, and Mohammad Moradi Ghahderijani, “Power Quality Improvement and Mitigation Case Study Using Distributed Power Flow Controller”, IEEE 2012.

[2] S. Masoud Barakati, Arash Khoshkbar Sadigh and Ehsan Mokhtarpour, “Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multi-cell Converter”, North American Power Symposium (NAPS), pp.1 – 7, 2011.

[3] Alexander Eigels Emanuel, John A. McNeill “Electric Power Quality”. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ 1997, pp. 263- 303.

[4] I Nita R. Patne, Krishna L. Thakre “Factor Affecting Characteristics of Voltage Sag Due to Fault in the Power System” Serbian Journal of Electrical engineering. vol. 5, no.1, May2008, pp. 171-182.

[5] J. R. Enslin, “Unified approach to power quality mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Industrial Electronics (ISIE ‟98), vol. 1, 1998, pp. 8–20.

Harmonics Reduction And Power Quality Improvement By Using DPFC

 

ABSTRACT:

The DPFC is derived from the unified power-flow controller (UPFC). The DPFC can be considered as a UPFC with an eliminated common dc link. The active power exchange between the shunt and series converters which is through the common dc link in the UPFC is now through the transmission lines at the third-harmonic frequency. The DPFC employs the distributed concept, in which the common dc-link between the shunt and series converters are eliminated and three-phase series converter is divided to several single-phase series distributed converters through the line. According to the growth of electricity demand and the increased number of non-linear loads in power grids harmonics, voltage sag and swell are the major power quality problems. DPFC is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. Simulations are carried out in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The presented simulation results validate the DPFC ability to improve the power quality.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Load flow control
  2. FACTS
  3. Power Quality
  4. Harmonics
  5. Sag and Swell Mitigation
  6. Distributed Power Flow Controller
  7. Y–Δ transformer

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. DPFC configuration

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

Fig 2. three phase voltage sag waveform without DPFC

 

Fig. 3 three phase voltage sag waveform with DPFC

Fig.4 3-ϕ load current swell waveform without DPFC

Fig.5 Mitigation of 3-ϕ load current swell with DPFC

             

Fig.6 Total harmonic distortion of load voltage without DPFC

Fig.7 Total harmonic distortion of load voltage with DPFC

 CONCLUSION:

This paper has presented a new concept called DPFC. The DPFC emerges from the UPFC and inherits the control capability of the UPFC, which is the simultaneous adjustment of the line impedance, the transmission angle, and the bus voltage magnitude. The common dc link between the shunt and series converters, which is used for exchanging active power in the UPFC, is eliminated. This power is now transmitted through the transmission line at the third-harmonic frequency. The series converter of the DPFC employs the DFACTS concept, which uses multiple small single-phase converters instead of one large-size converter. The reliability of the DPFC is greatly increased because of the redundancy of the series converters. The total cost of the DPFC is also much lower than the UPFC, because no high-voltage isolation is required at the series-converter part and the rating of the components of is low. To improve power quality in the power transmission system, the harmonics due to nonlinear loads, voltage sag and swell are mitigated. To simulate the dynamic performance, a three-phase fault is considered near the load. It is shown that the DPFC gives an acceptable performance in power quality improvement and power flow control.

 

REFERENCES:

[1] S.Masoud Barakati Arash Khoshkbar sadigh and Mokhtarpour.Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multicell Converter North American Power Symposium (NAPS),pp.1-7,2011.

[2] Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan, Braham Frreira and Dalibor Cevoric “A FACTS Device: Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, vol.25, no.10, October 2010.

[3] Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan and Braham Frreira “DPFC control during shunt converter failure” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics 2009.

[4] M. D. Deepak, E. B. William, S. S. Robert, K. Bill, W. G. Randal, T. B. Dale, R. I. Michael, and S. G. Ian, “A distributed static series compensator system for realizing active power flow control on existing power lines,” IEEE Trans. Power Del., vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 642–649, Jan. 2007.

[5] D. Divan and H. Johal, “Distributed facts—A new concept for realizing grid power flow control,” in Proc. IEEE 36th Power Electron. Spec. Conf. (PESC), 2005, pp. 8–14.

Mitigation of Voltage Sag and Swell for Power Quality Improvement Using Distributed Power Flow Controller

 

 ABSTRACT:

During the last two decades, the operation of power systems has become complex due to growing consumption and increased number of non-linear loads because of which compensation of multiple power quality issues has become an compulsion. A new component within the flexible AC-transmission system (FACTS) family, called distributed Power-flow controller (DPFC) is presented in this paper.

The DPFC is derived from the unified power-flow controller (UPFC). The DPFC can be considered as a UPFC with an eliminated common dc link. The active power exchange between the shunt and series converters, which is through the common dc link in the UPFC, is now through the transmission lines at the third-harmonic frequency.

The DPFC employs the distributed FACTS (DFACTS) concept, which is to use multiple small-size single-phase converters instead of the one large-size three-phase series converter in the UPFC. Power quality issues are studied and DPFC is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. In this paper, the capability of DPFC is observed for the transmission line based on PI and fuzzy logic controllers (FLC). On comparing the two controllers performance, we can say that Fuzzy Logic Controller based DPFC gives better compensation than PI Controller based DPFC. Matlab/Simulink is used to create the PI and FLC and to simulate DPFC model.

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig 1 The DPFC Structure

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

 Fig 2 Voltage Sag without DPFC

 Fig 3 Current Swell without DPFC

Fig 4 THD without DPFC

Fig 5 Voltage sag Compensation with DPFC using PI Controller

Fig 6 Current Swell Compensation with DPFC using PI Controller

Fig 7 THD with DPFC using PI Controller

Fig: 8 Voltage Sag Compensation with DPFC using Fuzzy Logic Controller

Fig: 9 Current Swell Compensation with DPFC using Fuzzy Logic Controller

Fig 10 THD with DPFC using Fuzzy Logic Controller

 CONCLUSION:

This paper has presented mitigation of various power quality issues like voltage sag and swell by employing a new FACTS device called Distributed Power Flow Controller(DPFC).

The DPFC .is emerged from the UPFC and inherits the control capability of the UPFC, which is the simultaneous adjustment of the line impedance, the transmission angle, and the bus voltage magnitude.

The common dc link between the shunt and series converters, which is used for exchanging active power in the UPFC, is eliminated.

This power is now transmitted through the transmission line at the third harmonic frequency.

The series converter of the DPFC employs the D FACTS concept, which uses multiple small single phase converters instead of one large size converter. The reliability of the DPFC is greatly increased because of the redundancy of the series converters.

The total cost of the DPFC is also much lower than the UPFC, because no high voltage isolation is required at the series converter part and the rating of the components of is low.

It is proved that the shunt and series converters in the DPFC can exchange active power at the third harmonic frequency, and the series converters are able to inject controllable active and reactive power at the fundamental frequency.

Also the performance of DPFC is simulated using two mechanisms i.e., with PI and Fuzzy controllers Simulation is also carried without these two controllers.

In this case study three phase fault is injected into the system near the load and the results prove that the DPFC with Fuzzy controller gives better voltage compensation than DPFC with PI controller.

REFERENCES:

(1) Zhihui Yuan, Sjoerd W.H de Haan, Braham Frreira and Dalibor Cevoric “A FACTS Device: Distributed Power Flow Controller (DPFC)” IEEE Transaction on Power Electronics, vol.25, no.10,October 2010.

(2) L. Gyugyi, C. D. Schauder, S. L. Williams, T. R. Rietman, D. R. Torgerson,and A. Edris. “The unified power flow controller: a new approach to power transmission control”. Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, 1995.

(3) Y. H. Song and A. Johns. Flexible ac transmission systems (FACTS). Institution of Electrical Engineers, 1999.

(4) ” Power quality improvement and Mitigation case study using Distributed Power Flow Controller “Ahmad Jamshidi ,S.Masoud Barakati and Mohammad Moradi Ghahderijani,IEEE Transactions on,2012

(5) N.G.Hingorani and L.Gyugyi, Understanding FACTS, Concepts and Technology of Flexible AC Transmission Systems. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press 2000

Power Quality Improvement and Mitigation Case Study Using Distributed Power Flow Controller

 

ABSTRACT

According to growth of electricity demand and the increased number of non-linear loads in power grids, providing a high quality electrical power should be considered. In this paper, voltage sag and swell of the power quality issues are studied and distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is used to mitigate the voltage deviation and improve power quality. The DPFC is a new FACTS device, which its structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC). In spite of UPFC, in DPFC the common dc-link between the shunt and series converters is eliminated and three-phase series converter is divided to several single-phase series distributed converters through the line. The case study contains a DPFC sited in a single-machine infinite bus power system including two parallel transmission lines, which simulated in MATLAB/Simulink environment. The presented simulation results validate the DPFC ability to improve the power quality.

KEYWORDS

  1. FACTS
  2. Power Quality
  3. Sag and Swell Mitigation
  4. Distributed Power Flow Controller

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. The DPFC Structure

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS

Fig. 2. Three-phase load voltage sag waveform

Fig. 3. Mitigation of three-phase load voltage sag with DPFC

Fig. 4. Three-phase load current swell waveform without DPFC

Fig. 5. Mitigation of three-phase load current swell with DPFC

Fig. 6. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage without DPFC

Fig. 7. Total harmonic distortion of load voltage with DPFC

 

CONCLUSION

To improve power quality in the power transmission system, there are some effective methods. In this paper, the voltage sag and swell mitigation, using a new FACTS device called distributed power flow controller (DPFC) is presented. The DPFC structure is similar to unified power flow controller (UPFC) and has a same control capability to balance the line parameters, i.e., line impedance, transmission angle, and bus voltage magnitude. However, the DPFC offers some advantages, in comparison with UPFC, such as high control capability, high reliability, and low cost. The DPFC is modeled and three control loops, i.e., central controller, series control, and shunt control are design. The system under study is a single machine infinite-bus system, with and without DPFC. To simulate the dynamic performance, a three-phase fault is considered near the load. It is shown that the DPFC gives an acceptable performance in power quality mitigation and power flow control.

REFERENCES

[1] S. Masoud Barakati, Arash Khoshkbar Sadigh and Ehsan Mokhtarpour, “Voltage Sag and Swell Compensation with DVR Based on Asymmetrical Cascade Multicell Converter” , North American Power Symposium (NAPS), pp.1 – 7, 2011

[2] Alexander Eigels Emanuel, John A. McNeill “Electric Power Quality”. Annu. Rev. Energy Environ 1997, pp. 263-303.

[3] I Nita R. Patne, Krishna L. Thakre “Factor Affecting Characteristics Of Voltage Sag Due to Fault in the Power System” Serbian Journal Of Electrical engineering. vol. 5, no.1, May2008, pp. 171-182.

[4] J. R. Enslin, “Unified approach to power quality mitigation,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Symp. Industrial Electronics (ISIE ’98), vol. 1, 1998, pp. 8– 20.

[5] B. Singh, K. Al-Haddad, and A. Chandra, “A review of active filters for power quality improvement,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron. vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 960–971, 1999.