An Improved Beatless Control Method of AC Drives for Railway Traction Converters

ABSTRACT:  

The traction converter consists of a single phase AC DC rectifier and a three phase DC AC invert er. Due to special structural characteristics of single phase rectifier, a fluctuating voltage component with the frequency twice of the grid’s, exists in DC link voltage. Fed by fluctuating DC link voltage, a beat phenomenon occurs in traction motor, and harmonic components appear in both stat or current and electromagnetic torque, especially when motor operates near the ripple frequency. In this paper, the mechanism and influence of fluctuating voltage are analyzed in detail. Based on modeling analysis of motor and switching function of invert er, a frequency compensation factor is derived in vector control of induction motor. Then an improved frequency compensation control method is proposed to suppress beat phenomenon without LC resonant circuit. Finally the simulation verifies the modified scheme.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Fluctuating DC voltage
  2. Beat phenomenon
  3. Vector control
  4. Beat less control

 SOFTWARE: MAT LAB/SIM U LINK

 BLOCK DIAGRAM:

 Fig. 1. F O C with frequency compensation for Induction Motor

 EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 Fig. 2. Waves of stat or current and electromagnetic torque of traction Motor

Fig. 3. FF T of stat or current and electromagnetic torque before adding frequency compensation method

Fig. 4. FF T of stat or current and electromagnetic torque after adding traditional frequency compensation method

Fig. 5. FF T of stat or current and electromagnetic torque after adding improved frequency compensation method

 CONCLUSION:

 In high power traction converters, without LC filter circuit paralleled in DC link, a fluctuating voltage twice of the grid frequency contains in DC link voltage. This paper aims at adopting software control method to suppress beat phenomenon in traction motor caused by DC ripple voltage. According to theoretical analysis, output power of motor, DC link capacitor and power factor influenced the DC ripple voltage. Then, the aspect of switching function and motor model analyzed the influences of fluctuating voltage in detail. Based on above analysis, combining with rotor field oriented control of traction motor, the frequency of switching function is modified to suppress beat phenomenon. An improved frequency compensation control method is proposed. Simulation model is built to verify the proposed scheme. Finally, the drag experiment on a dynamo meter test platform verified the proposed control method.

REFERENCES:

[1] J. K l i ma, M. Ch  o mat, L. Sch re i e r, “Analytical Closed-form Investigation of P WM Invert er Induction Motor Drive Performance under DC Bus Voltage Pulsation,” I ET Electric Power Application, Vol. 2, No. 6, pp. 341–352, Nov, 2008.

[2] H. W. van d e r Bro e ck and H. C. S k u d e l n y, “Analytical analysis of the harmonic effects of a P WM AC drive,” in IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 216-223, Apr 1988.

[3] K Na k at a, T N a k a m a chi , K Na k am u r a, “A beat less control of invert er-induction motor system driven by a rippled DC power source,” Electrical Engineering in Japan, Vol.109, No.5, pp.122-131,1989.

[4] Z Sal am, C.J. Goodman, “Compensation of fluctuating DC link voltage for traction invert er driver,” Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives, 1996. Sixth International Conference on (Conf. Pub l. No. 429), pp. 390-395, 1996.

[5] S. K o u r o, P. Le z an a, M. An g u lo and J. Rodriguez, “Multi carrier P WM With DC-Link Ripple Feed forward Compensation for Multilevel Invert er s,” IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 52- 59, Jan. 2008.

Design and Implementation of a Novel Multilevel DC–AC Inverter

ABSTRACT:

In this paper, a novel multilevel dc–ac inverter is proposed. The proposed multilevel inverter generates seven-level ac output voltage with the appropriate gate signals’ design. Also, the low-pass filter is used to reduce the total harmonic distortion of the sinusoidal output voltage. The switching losses and the voltage stress of power devices can be reduced in the proposed multilevel inverter. The operating principles of the proposed inverter and the voltage balancing method of input capacitors are discussed. Finally, a laboratory prototype multilevel inverter with 400-V input voltage and output 220 Vrms/2 kW is implemented. The multilevel inverter is controlled with sinusoidal pulse-width modulation (SPWM) by TMS320LF2407 digital signal processor (DSP). Experimental results show that the maximum efficiency is 96.9% and the full load efficiency is 94.6%.

KEYWORDS:

  1. DC–AC inverter
  2. Digital signal processor (DSP)
  3. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT)
  4. Multilevel

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Block diagram of renewable system

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 Fig. 2. Waveforms of vgs1, vab, vo, and io at 500 W.

Fig. 3. Output voltage harmonic spectrum of vab calculated by FFT.

Fig. 4. Output voltage harmonic spectrum of vo calculated by FFT

Fig. 5. Waveforms of vC2, vo, and io at 1000 W.

Fig. 6. Waveforms of vC2, vo, and io at 2000 W.

Fig. 7. Waveforms of vo and io at 400 VA.

 CONCLUSION:

A novel seven-level inverter was designed and implemented with DSP in this paper. The main idea of the proposed configuration is to reduce the number of power device. The reduction of power device is proved by comparing with traditional structures. Finally, a laboratory prototype of seven-level inverter with 400-V input voltage and output 220 Vrms/2kW is implemented. Experimental results show that the maximum efficiency is 96.9% and the full load efficiency is 94.6%.

 REFERENCES:

[1] R. Gonzalez, E. Gubia, J. Lopez, and L. Marroyo, “Transformerless single-phase multilevel-based photovoltaic inverter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2694–2702, Jul. 2008.

[2] S. Daher, J. Schmid, and F. L.M. Antunes, “Multilevel inverter topologies for stand-alone PV systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2703–2712, Jul. 2008.

[3] W. Yu, J. S. Lai, H. Qian, and C. Hutchens, “High-efficiency MOSFET inverter with H6-type configuration for photovoltaic nonisolated, acmodule applications,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1253–1260, Apr. 2011.

[4] R. A. Ahmed, S. Mekhilef, and W. P. Hew, “New multilevel inverter topology with minimum number of switches,” in Proc. IEEE Region 10 Conf. (TENCON), 2010, pp. 1862–1867.

[5] M. R. Banaei and E. Salary, “New multilevel inverter with reduction of switches and gate driver,” in Proc. IEEE 18th Iran. Conf. Elect. Eng. (IECC), 2010, pp. 784–789.

Design and Implementation of a Novel Multilevel DC–AC Inverter

 

ABSTRACT:

In this paper, a novel multilevel dc–ac inverter is proposed. The proposed multilevel inverter generates seven-level ac output voltage with the appropriate gate signals’ design. Also, the low-pass filter is used to reduce the total harmonic distortion of the sinusoidal output voltage. The switching losses and the voltage stress of power devices can be reduced in the proposed multilevel inverter. The operating principles of the proposed inverter and the voltage balancing method of input capacitors are discussed. Finally, a laboratory prototype multilevel inverter with 400-V input voltage and output 220 Vrms/2 kW is implemented. The multilevel inverter is controlled with sinusoidal pulse-width modulation (SPWM) by TMS320LF2407 digital signal processor (DSP). Experimental results show that the maximum efficiency is 96.9% and the full load efficiency is 94.6%.

KEYWORDS:

  1. DC–AC inverter
  2. Digital signal processor (DSP)
  3. Maximum power point tracking (MPPT)
  4. Multilevel

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1. Block diagram of renewable system.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Fig. 2. Waveforms of vgs1, vab, vo, and io at 500 W.

Fig. 3. Output voltage harmonic spectrum of vab calculated by FFT.

Fig. 4. Output voltage harmonic spectrum of vo calculated by FFT

Fig. 5. Waveforms of vC2, vo, and io at 1000 W.

Fig. 6. Waveforms of vC2, vo, and io at 2000 W.

Fig. 7. Waveforms of vo and io at 400 VA.

 

CONCLUSION:

A novel seven-level inverter was designed and implemented with DSP in this paper. The main idea of the proposed configuration is to reduce the number of power device. The reduction of power device is proved by comparing with traditional structures. Finally, a laboratory prototype of seven-level inverter with 400-V input voltage and output 220 Vrms/2kW is implemented. Experimental results show that the maximum efficiency is 96.9% and the full load efficiency is 94.6%.

REFERENCES:

[1] R. Gonzalez, E. Gubia, J. Lopez, and L. Marroyo, “Transformerless single-phase multilevel-based photovoltaic inverter,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2694–2702, Jul. 2008.

[2] S. Daher, J. Schmid, and F. L.M. Antunes, “Multilevel inverter topologies for stand-alone PV systems,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 2703–2712, Jul. 2008.

[3] W. Yu, J. S. Lai, H. Qian, and C. Hutchens, “High-efficiency MOSFET inverter with H6-type configuration for photovoltaic nonisolated, acmodule applications,” IEEE Trans. Power Electron., vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1253–1260, Apr. 2011.

[4] R. A. Ahmed, S. Mekhilef, and W. P. Hew, “New multilevel inverter topology with minimum number of switches,” in Proc. IEEE Region 10 Conf. (TENCON), 2010, pp. 1862–1867.

[5] M. R. Banaei and E. Salary, “New multilevel inverter with reduction of switches and gate driver,” in Proc. IEEE 18th Iran. Conf. Elect. Eng. (IECC), 2010, pp. 784–789.