Investigation on cascade multilevel inverter with symmetric, asymmetric, hybrid and multi-cell configurations


In recent past, numerous multilevel architectures came into existence but in this background, cascaded multilevel invert er (CM LI) is the promising structure. This type of multilevel invert er s synthesizes a medium voltage output based on a series connection of power cells which use standard low-voltage component configurations. This characteristic allows one to achieve high-quality output voltage and current wave forms, however, when the number of levels increases switching components and the count of dc sources are also increased.

This issue became a key motivation for the present paper which is devoted to investigate different types of CM LI using less number of switching components and dc sources thus finally proposed a new version of Multi-cell based CM LI. In order to verify the proposed topology, MAT LAB – simulations and hardware verification are carried out and results are presented.

  1. Cascade multilevel invert er
  2. Multi-cell
  3. Switching components
  4. High quality output voltages



Figure 1 (a) CH B multilevel invert er, (b) key waveform for seven-level invert er, (c) CH B multilevel invert er by employing single-phase transformers, (d) simulation verification of seven-level CH B multilevel invert er, (e) F  FT spectrum.


Figure 2 (a) Asymmetrical thirteen-level CH B invert er, (b) simulation verification of thirteen-level CH B multilevel invert er, (c) FF T spectrum.


Figure 3 (a) Asymmetrical CH B multilevel invert er, (b) output voltages of each H-bridge module, (c) twenty-seven level output voltage waveform, (d) F FT spectrum.


Figure 4 (a) Asymmetrical CH B multilevel invert er using sub-cells, (b) output voltage of sub-cells, (c) thirty-one level output voltage waveform, (d) FF T spectrum.


Figure 5 (a) Hybrid CH B multilevel invert er, (b) output voltage of each H-bridge and load voltage (nine-level) waveform, (c) FF T spectrum.

Figure 6 (a) Hybrid multilevel invert er using traditional invert er, (b) output voltage waveform, (c) FF T Spectrum.


Figure 7 The proposed multi-cell CM LI.

.Figure 8 (a) The proposed 25-level asymmetric multi-cell CM LI, (b) key wave forms.

Figure 9 (a) Output voltage of first H-bridge, (b) output voltage of second H-bridge, (c) resultant output voltage with 25-levels, (d) FF T spectrum.


 In this paper CM LI with sub-cells is proposed with less number of switches. To highlight the merits of proposed invert er, an in-depth investigation is carried out on symmetric, asymmetric and hybrid multilevel invert er s based on CH B top o log i es. Symmetric configuration has capacity to produce only limited number of levels in output voltage, On the counter side, symmetrical configuration can be operated in asymmetrical mode with different DC sources. However, asymmetrical configurations can produce higher number of output levels and thereby qualitative output wave forms could be generated.


hybrid CH B invert er s are also introduced, which utilizes single DC source for entire structure. Thus complexity and voltage balancing issues can be reduced. Finally proposed invert er is introduced with less number of switching components and able to produce qualitative output wave forms. To verify the proposed invert er adequate simulation is done with help of MAT LAB/sim u link. Later on, hardware variations are carried out in laboratory. Verification are quite impressive with greater number of levels in the output voltage and lower harmonic content in FF T spectrum s. Spectrum s indicate that, low order harmonics are drastically reduced. Thus power quality is significantly enhanced. Thus proposed invert er shows some promising attributes when compared with traditional CH B based architectures.


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An Envelope Type (E-Type) Module Asymmetric Multilevel Inverters With Reduced Components


This paper presents a new E-Type module for asymmetrical multilevel inverters with reduced components. Each module produces 13 levels with four unequal DC sources and 10 switches. The design of the proposed module makes some preferable features with a better quality than similar modules such as the low number of semiconductors and DC sources and low switching frequency. Also, this module is able to create a negative level without any additional circuit such as an H-bridge which causes reduction of voltage stress on switches. Cascade connection of the proposed structure leads to a modular topology with more levels and higher voltages. Selective harmonics elimination pulse width modulation (SHE-PWM) scheme is used to achieve high quality output voltage with lower harmonics. MATLAB simulations and practical results are presented to validate the proposed module good performance. Module output voltage satisfies harmonics standard (IEEE519) without any filter in output.


  1. Asymmetric
  2. Components
  3. E-Type
  4. Multilevel inverter
  5. Power electronics
  6. Selective harmonics elimination




Fig. 1 Proposed E-Type module of multilevel inverter (a) Circuit topology


 Fig.2 Output voltage and FFT analysis of proposed multilevel


This paper presented a new multilevel inverter topology named as Envelope Type (E-Type) module which can generate 13 levels with reduced components. It can be used in high voltage high power applications with unequal DC sources. As E-Type module can be easily modularized, it can be used in cascade arrangements to form high voltage outputs with low stress on semiconductors and lowering the number of devices. Modular connection of these modules leads to achieve more voltage levels with different possible paths. It causes an improvement in the reliability of the modular inverter which enables it to use different paths in case of malfunction for a switch or a driver. The main advantage of proposed module is its ability to generate both positive and negative output voltage without any H-bridge circuit at the output of the inverter. THDv% is obtained 3.46% and 4.54% in simulation and experimental results, respectively that satisfy harmonics standard (IEEE519). Also module is tested in three frequency and under different resistive – inductive loads which results shows good performance.


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