Solar PV Charging Station for Electric Vehicles

ABSTRACT:

Of late, electric vehicles (EVs) have attracted much attention owing to their use of clean energy. Large progress in lithium-ion battery has propelled the development of EVs.However, the challenge is that growing number of EVs leads to huge demand in electric power, which will aggravate the power grid load. This leads to an exploration for alternative and clean sources of energy to charge EVs. This project implements solar energy system to erect a charging station for EV application. The charging station employs multi-port charging by providing a constant voltage DC bus. The charging controllers are operated based on the concept of power balance, and constant current/constant voltage charging. Performance of the charging system is validated with simulation and experimental results.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Electric Vehicles
  2. Solar Power
  3. Charging station
  4. DC-DC converters
  5. MPPT
  6. CCCV battery Charging

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

CONCLUSION:

Utilization of Optimization techniques in the use of renewable resources like Solar, wind, biofuel will enhance the opportunities of Electric Vehicles. Extension of the system with fast response storage scheme can be implemented for Fast charging stations. Intelligent Controllers or Machine Learning Techniques can be implemented to avoid excess loading of EV Charging stations on the grid. Hybrid charging stations incorporating more than one renewable source or a backup diesel generator will certainly increase the stability and reliability of the system.

REFERENCES:

[1] T. S. Biya and M. R. Sindhu, “Design and Power Management of Solar Powered Electric Vehicle Charging Station with Energy Storage System,” Proceedings of 3rd International conference on Electronics, Communication and Aerospace Technology (ICECA), Coimbatore, India, 2019.

[2] K. S. Vikas, B. Raviteja Reddy, S. G. Abijith and M. R. Sindhu, “Controller for Charging Electric Vehicles at Workplaces using Solar Energy,” Proceedings of International Conference on Communication and Signal Processing (ICCSP), Chennai, India, 2019.

[3] B. Revathi, A. Ramesh, S. Sivanandhan, T. B. Isha, V. Prakash and S. G., “Solar Charger for Electric Vehicles” ,Proceedings of International Conference on Emerging Trends and Innovations In Engineering And Technological Research (ICETIETR), Ernakulam, 2018, pp. 1-4.

[4] D. Oulad-abbou, S. Doubabi and A. Rachid, “Solar charging station for electric vehicles,” Proceedings of 3rd International Renewable and Sustainable Energy Conference (IRSEC), Marrakech, 2015.

[5] B. Singh, A. Verma, A. Chandra and K. Al-Haddad, “Implementation of Solar PV-Battery and Diesel Generator Based Electric Vehicle Charging Station,” Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems (PEDES),2018, Chennai, India.

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