Solar PV Array Fed Direct Torque Controlled Induction Motor Drive for Water Pumping

ABSTRACT:

 This paper deals with the solar photovoltaic (PV) array fed direct torque controlled (DTC) induction motor drive for water pumping system. To extract maximum power from the solar PV array, a DC-DC boost converter is employed. The soft starting of a three-phase induction motor is achieved by controlling the DC-DC boost converter through the incremental conductance maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique.

The induction motor is well matched to drive a type water pump due to its load characteristics. It is well suited to the MPPT of the solar PV array. By using DTC technique, an induction motor exhibits homogeneous or even better response than the DC motor drive. The proposed system is designed and its performance is simulated in MATLAB/Simulink platform. Simulated results are demonstrated to validate the design and control of the proposed system.

KEYWORDS:
  1. Solar Photovoltaic (PV)
  2. Direct Torque Control (DTC)
  3. MPPT Control
  4. Induction Motor
  5. Water Pump

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:

Fig.l Schematic diagram of proposed system configuration

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 Fig.2 Steady state performance of proposed system

Fig.3 Starting performance of proposed system

Fig.4 Performance of the system at decrease in insolations

Fig.5 Performance of the system at increase in insolations

CONCLUSION:

It has been demonstrated that the solar PV array fed DTC controlled induction motor drive has been found quite suitable for water pumping. A new method for reference speed generation for DTC scheme has been proposed by controlling the voltage at DC bus and pump affinity law has been used to control the speed of an induction motor.

Solar PV array has been operated at maximum power during varying atmospheric conditions. This is achieved by using incremental conductance based MPPT algorithm. The speed PI controller has controlled the motor stator current and controlled the flow rate of pump. Simulation results have demonstrated that the performance of the controller has been found satisfactory under steady state as well as dynamic conditions.

REFERENCES:

[I] R. Foster, M. Ghassemi and M. Cota, Solar energy: Renewable energy and the environment, CRC Press, Taylor and francis Group, Inc. 20 I O.

[2] S. Jain, Thopukara, AK. Karampur and V.T. Somasekhar, “A SingleStage Photovoltaic System for a Dual-Inverter-Fed Open-End Winding Induction Motor Drive for Pumping Applications,” iEEE Trans. On Power Electro.. vo1.30, no.9, pp.4809-4818, Sept. 2015.

[3] M. A Razzak, A S. K. Chowdhury and K. M. A Salam, “Induction motor drive system using Push-Pull converter and three-phase SPWM inverter fed from solar photovoltaic panel,” international Conference on 2014 Power and Energy Systems: Towards Sustainable Energy, 13- 15 March 2014.

[4] J.V. Caracas Mapurunga, G. Farias Carvalho De, L. F. Moreira Teixeira, L.A Ribeiro De Souza, “Implementation of a HighEfficiency, High-Lifetime, and Low-Cost Converter for an Autonomous Photovoltaic Water Pumping System,” iEEE Trans. On ind. Appl., vo1.50, no.!, pp.631-641, Jan.-Feb. 2014.

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