Solar Photovoltaic Powered Sailing Boat Using Buck Converter

ABSTRACT

 The main objective of this paper is to establish technical and economical aspects of the application of stand-alone photovoltaic (PV) system in sailing boat using a buck converter in order to enhance the power generation and also to minimize the cost. Performance and control of dc-dc converter, suitable for photovoltaic (PV) applications, is presented here. A buck converter is employed here which extracts complete power from the PV source and feeds into the dc load. The power, which is fed into the load, is sufficient to drive a boat. With the help of matlab simulink software PV module and buck model has been designed and simulated and also compared with theoretical predictions.

KEYWORDS

  1. Buck Converter
  2. Ideal Switch
  3. Matlab Simulink
  4. PV
  5. Solar Sailing Boat

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Figure 1. Schematic Diagram of PV powered Sailing Boat

 EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS

 Figure 2. Simulation result of maximum voltage, current and power in PV array

Figure 3. Simulation result of Buck converter

Figure 4. Simulation result of PV with Buck

 CONCLUSION

Solar PV powered sailing boat using buck converter is proposed here. The effectiveness of the proposed control scheme is tested. This is a new and innovative application which is fully environmental friendly and is almost polution less. As the upper portion of the boat is unused, solar panels are implemented in that portion quite easily, no extra space is required. Fuel cost is not required in day time due to the presence of sunlight. lastly, energy pay back period will be lesser than diesel run boat.

 REFERENCES

 [1] P Vorobiev, Yu. Vorobiev. Automatic Sun Tracking Solar Electric Systems for Applications on Transport. 7th International Conference on Electrical Engineering, Computing Science and Automatic Control. 2010.

[2] Nobuyulu Kasa, Takahiko Iida, Hideo Iwamoto. An inverter using buck-boost type chopper circuits for popular small-scale photovoltaic power system. IEEE. 1999.

[3] Peng Zhang, Wenyuan Li, Sherwin Li, Yang Wang, Weidong Xiao. Reliability assessment of photovoltaic power systems: Review of current status and future perspectives. Applied Energy. 2013; 104(2013): 822–833,

[4] M Nagao, H Horikawa, K Harada. Photovoltaic System using Buck-Boost PWM Inverter. Trans. of IEEJ. 1994; ll4(D): 885-892.

[5] A Zegaoui, M Aillerie, P Petit, JP Sawicki, JP Charles, AW Belarbi. Dynamic behaviour of PV generator trackers under irradiation and temperature changes. Solar Energy. 2011; 85(2011): 2953–2964.

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