Single Phase Dynamic Voltage Restorer Topology Based on Five-level Ground point Shifting Inverter


A Single Phase Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) based on five-level ground point shifting multilevel inverter topology has been proposed in this paper. The proposed inverter has a floating ground point. Therefore, by shifting the ground point, it is observed that the inverter circuit gives five output voltage levels from single DC voltage source. This configuration uses less number of switches compared to the existing multilevel inverter topologies. A fast sag swell identification technique using d-q reference frame is also discussed in this paper. This proposed topology of the DVR can compensate voltage sag, swell, flicker and maintain the required voltage at the load bus. The detailed simulation study is carried out using MATLAB/Simulink to validate the result.


  1. Voltage sag
  2. Swell
  3. Ground Point Shifting Multilevel Inverter (GPSMI)
  4. Topology
  5. DVR



Fig. 1. General structure of the proposed DVR.


Fig. 2. (a) Grid terminal voltage (vt) and (b) load voltage (vl) during sag


Fig. 3. direct axis value of the d-q reference frame which is used to detect

sag in the system.

Fig. 4. During voltage sag (a) grid terminal voltage (vt), (b) series injected

voltage (vinj) and (c) inverter terminal voltage (vinv).

Fig. 5. FFT analysis of the series injected voltage (vinj).

Fig. 6. (a) Grid terminal voltage and (b) load voltage during Voltage flicker


This paper proposes dynamic voltage restorer based on the ground point shifting multilevel Inverter topology (GPSMI). The operation of the multilevel inverter and the power circuit diagram is explained. The inverter topology requires less number of switches than conventional multi-level inverter. In this inverter topology, only two switches are active at any instant of time that reduce switch conduction loss. The passive filter requirement in the DVR topology is reduced by using this multi-level inverter. Proper PWM for this proposed inverter has been explained. Instantaneous sag identification technique using d-q reference frame has also been explained. This proposed DVR can mitigate the power quality problem like sag/swell and voltage flicker.


 [1] IEEE Guide for Voltage Sag Indices,” in IEEE Std 1564-2014 , vol., no., pp.1-59, June 20 2014

[2] IEEE Guide for Identifying and Improving Voltage Quality in Power Systems,” in IEEE Std 1250-2011 (Revision of IEEE Std 1250-1995) , vol., no., pp.1-70, March 31 2011

[3] A. Ghosh and G. Ledwich, ”Structures and control of a dynamic voltage regulator (DVR),” Power Engineering Society Winter Meeting, 2001. IEEE, Columbus, OH, 2001, pp. 1027-1032 vol.3. doi: 10.1109/PESW.2001.917209

[4] Huiwen Liu, Bowen Zheng and Xiong Zhan, ”A comparison of two types of storageless DVR with a passive shunt converter,” 2016 IEEE 8th International Power Electronics and Motion Control Conference (IPEMC-ECCE Asia), Hefei, 2016, pp. 1280-1284.

[5] P. C. Loh, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, S. K. tang, H. L. Long, ”Multilevel dynamic voltage restorer”, IEEE Power Electronic Letters, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 125-130, Dec. 2004.

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