Simulation and Comparison of SPWM and SVPWM Control for Three Phase Inverter

ABSTRACT:

A voltage source inverter is commonly used to supply a three-phase induction motor with variable frequency and variable voltage for variable speed applications. A suitable pulse width modulation (PWM) technique is employed to obtain the required output voltage in the line side of the inverter. The different methods for PWM generation can be broadly classified into Triangle comparison based PWM (TCPWM) and Space Vector based PWM (SVPWM). In TCPWM methods such as sine-triangle PWM, three phase reference modulating signals are compared against a common triangular carrier to generate the PWM signals for the three phases. In SVPWM methods, a revolving reference voltage vector is provided as voltage reference instead of three phase modulating waves. The magnitude and frequency of the fundamental component in the line side are controlled by the magnitude and frequency, respectively, of the reference vector. The highest possible peak phase fundamental is very less in sine triangle PWM when compared with space vector PWM. Space Vector Modulation (SVM) Technique has become the important PWM technique for three phase Voltage Source Inverters for the control of AC Induction, Brushless DC, Switched Reluctance and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors. The study of space vector modulation technique reveals that space vector modulation technique utilizes DC bus voltage more efficiently and generates less harmonic distortion when compared with Sinusoidal PWM (SPWM) technique. In this paper first a model for Space vector PWM is made and simulated using MATLAB/SIMULINK software and its performance is compared with Sinusoidal PWM. The simulation study reveals that Space vector PWM utilizes dc bus voltage more effectively and generates less THD when compared with sine PWM.

KEYWORDS:

  1. PWM
  2. SVPWM
  3. Three phase inverter
  4. Total harmonic distortion

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

Figure-1. Block diagram of SPWM inverter fed induction motor.

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

Figure-2a. Response of line voltage in SPWM.

Figure-3. Response of line voltage in SPWM.

Figure-4a. Response of line current in SPWM.

Figure-5b. Response of line current in SPWM.

Figure-6. Response of rotor speed in SPWM.

Figure.7. Response of torque in SPWM.

Figure-8. Response of line voltage in SVPWM.

Figure-9. Response of line current in SVPWM.

Figure-10. Response of rotor speed in SVPWM.

Figure-11. Response of torque in SVPWM.

 CONCLUSION:

Space vector Modulation Technique has become the most popular and important PWM technique for Three Phase Voltage Source Inverters for the control of AC Induction, Brushless DC, Switched Reluctance and Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motors. In this paper first comparative analysis of Space Vector PWM with conventional SPWM for a two level Inverter is carried out. The Simulation study reveals that SVPWM gives 15% enhanced fundamental output with better quality i.e. lesser THD compared to SPWM. PWM strategies viz. SPWM and SVPWM are implemented in MATLAB/SIMULINK software and its performance is compared with conventional PWM techniques. Owing to their fixed carrier frequencies cfin conventional PWM strategies, there are cluster harmonics around the multiples of carrier frequency. PWM strategies viz. Sinusoidal PWM and SVPWM utilize a changing carrier frequency to spread the harmonics continuously to a wideband area so that the peak harmonics are reduced greatly.

REFERENCES:

Zhenyu Yu, Arefeen Mohammed, Issa Panahi. 1997. A Review of Three PWM Techniques. Proceedings of the American Control Conference Albuquerque, New Mexico. pp. 257-261.

  1. G. Holmes and T. A. Lipo. 2003. Pulse Width Modulation for Power Converters: Principles and Practice. M.E. El-Hawary, Ed. New Jersey: IEEE Press, Wiley- Interscience. pp. 215-313.
  2. Erfidan, S. Urugun, Y. Karabag and B. Cakir. 2004. New Software implementation of the Space Vector Modulation. Proceedings of IEEE Conference. pp.1113-1115.
  3. Rathnakumar, J. Lakshmana Perumal and T. Srinivasan. 2005. A New software implementation of space vector PWM. Proceedings of IEEE Southeast conference. pp.131-136.
  4. Hariram and N. S. Marimuthu. 2005. Space vector switching patterns for different applications- A comparative analysis. Proceedings of IEEE conference. pp. 1444-1449.

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