Power Quality Improvement in Solar Fed Cascaded Multilevel Inverter with Output Voltage Regulation Techniques


The presence of harmonics in solar Photo Voltaic (PV) energy conversion system results in deterioration of power quality. To address such issue, this paper aims to investigate the elimination of harmonics in a solar fed cascaded fifteen level inverter with aid of Proportional Integral (PI), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Fuzzy Logic (FL) based controllers. Unlike other techniques, the proposed FLC based approach helps in obtaining reduced harmonic distortions that intend to an enhancement in power quality. In addition to the power quality improvement, this paper also proposed to provide output voltage regulation in terms of maintaining voltage and frequency at the inverter output end in compatible with the grid connection requirements. The simulations are performed in the MATLAB / Simulink environment for solar fed cascaded 15 level inverter incorporating PI, ANN and FL based controllers. To exhibit the proposed technique, a 3 kWp photovoltaic plant coupled to multilevel inverter is designed and hardware is demonstrated. All the three techniques are experimentally investigated with the measurement of power quality metrics along with establishing output voltage regulation.


  1. Harmonics
  2. Intelligent control
  3. Multilevel inverter
  4. Photovoltaic’s
  5. Power quality
  6. Voltage regulation



The voltage regulation topology along with power quality improvement is considered and implemented both in simulation and experimental setup for a solar fed 15 level inverter. While considering the results, it is found that FLC presents better results for VR while considering the variations at the input solar PV. Despite this, FLC is considered for the nine-level by [23], but the implementation is carried out with the DC power supplies without utilizing the solar panels. All the other methods are implemented for low power and lesser levels of MLI topology. Commercial utilization of MLI by providing the constant output voltage is investigated, and the experimental results prove the effectiveness of the proposed system. The method is applicable for the users require grid interaction along with the power quality improvement.


[1] S. Karekezi and T. Ranja, Renewable technologies in Africa. London, U.K.: Zed Books, 1997.

[2] S. Karekezi and W. Kithyoma, “Renewable energy strategies for rural africa: Is a PV-led renewable energy strategy the right approach for providing modern energy to the rural poor of sub-saharan africa?” Energy Policy, vol. 30, nos. 11_12, pp. 1071_1086, Sep. 2002.

[3] S. Karekezi andW. Kithyoma, “Renewable energy in Africa: Prospects and limits in Renewable energy development,” Workshop Afr. Energy Experts Operationalizing NEPAD Energy Initiative, vol. 1, pp. 1_30, 2-4 Jun. 2003. Jun. 2017. [Online]. Available: https://sustainabledevelopment.un. org/content/documents/nepadkarekezi.pdf

[4] D.-R. Thiam, “Renewable decentralized in developing countries: Appraisal from microgrids project in senegal,” Renew. Energy, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1615_1623, Aug. 2010.

[5] F. Christoph, World Energy Scenarios: Composing energy futures to 2050. London, U.K.: World Energy Council, 2013.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *