Implementation of a DC Power System with PV Grid-Connection and Active Power Filtering


The objective of this paper is to develop a DC power supply system with photovoltaic (PV) grid-connection and active power filtering. The proposed power supply system consists of an input stage and an output stage. In the input stage, a dc/dc converter incorporated with the perturbation-and-observation method can draw the maximum power from the PV source, which can be delivered to the output stage. On the other hand, grid connection or active power filtering, depending on the power of photovoltaic; will be implemented by a dc/ac inverter in the output stage. Two microcontrollers are adopted in the proposed system, of which one is to implement the MPPT algorithm, the other is used to determine the operation modes, which can be grid connection mode, direct supply mode or active power filtering mode. Finally, the experimental results are measured to verify the proposed algorithms and feasibility of the system.


  1. 12 Pulse AClDC Converter
  2. Phase Controller
  3. Autotransformer




Fig. 1 Block diagram of the proposed DC power system



 Fig. 2 The Pin, V1 and i1 waveforms of the MPPT Algorithm


(V1: 100 V/div,i1: 2 A/div, Pin: 200 W/div, time: 10 s/div)

Fig. 3 Experimental results of the MPPT function of the boost converter operate under input voltage change (150V→200V→150V).


(Vac: 100 V/div,iC : 5 A/div, time: 10 ms/div)



(Vac: 100 V/div,iC : 5 A/div, time: 10 ms/div)



(Vac: 100 V/div,iC : 5 A/div, time: 10 ms/div)

Fig. 4 The AC voltage Vac and output current io waveforms while output power is (a) 1kW, (b) 500W and (c) 250W.


(iL : 5 A/div, time: 10 ms/div)

Fig. 5 The load current waveform with Rn=50Ω.


Fig. 6 Comparison the measured harmonic amount of grid voltage and current with Europe harmonic standard IEC 1000-3-2 Class A before compensation


Fig. 7 Comparison the measured harmonic amount of grid voltage and current with Europe harmonic standard IEC 1000-3-2 Class A after compensation


(Vac : 200 V/div,iS : 10 A/div, iC : 5 A/div time: 10 ms/div)

Fig. 8 The measured results of AC voltage Vac, AC current is and compensated current ic of the system operate under the active power filtering mode.





(Vac : 200 V/div,iac : 10 A/div, iC : 5 A/div, time: 20 ms/div)

Fig. 9 The load variations of the proposed power system operates under active power filtering mode (a) heavy load → light load, and (b) light load →heavy load.


(VS : 100 V/div,VC1 : 300 V/div, i1 : 5 A/div, iC : 2 A/div, Pin : 500 W/div )

Fig. 10 The operational mode switching of the proposed r system.


A DC power system with PV grid-connection and active power filtering has been presented in this paper, in which a DC/DC converter is firstly used to promote the output voltage of PV array and achieve the MPP. The proposed system can automate switching among the grid connection mode, direct supply mode or active power filtering mode according to the output power of PV array. In addition, two microcontrollers are used to act as system controllers, in which can except implement complicate calculation and PWM output, it can also reduce the hardware complication and cost to improve the reliability and feasibility of system. The experimental results have verified the feasibility and flexibility of the proposed system.


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[2] U. Herrmann, H. G. Langer, H. van der Broeck,“Low Cost DC to AC Converter for Photovoltaic Power Conversion in Residential Applications,”Proceedings of the IEEE PESC, June 1993, pp. 588-594.

[3] J. H. R. Enslin, M. S. Wolf, D. B. Snyman and W. Sweiges,“Integrated Photovoltaic Maximum Power Point Tracking Converter,”IEEE Trans. On Industrial Electronics, Vol. 44, No. 6, 1997, pp. 769-773.

[4] S. J. Chiang, K. T. Chang and C. Y. Yen,“Residential Photovoltaic Energy Storage System,” IEEE Trans. on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 45, No. 3, 1998, pp. 385-394.

[5] S. Sopitpan, P. Changmoang and S. Panyakeow,“PV Systems With/without Grid Back-up for Housing Applications,”Proceedings of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 2000, pp. 1687-1690.

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