Fuzzy Sliding Mode Control for Photovoltaic System


In this study, a fuzzy sliding mode control (FSMC) based maximum power point tracking strategy has been applied for photovoltaic (PV) system. The key idea of the proposed technique is to combine the performances of the fuzzy logic and the sliding mode control in order to improve the generated power for a given set of climatic conditions.

Different from traditional sliding mode control, the developed FSMC integrates two parts. The first part uses a fuzzy logic controller with two inputs and 25 rules as an equivalent controller while the second part is designed for an online adjusting of the switching controller’s gain using a fuzzy tuner with one input and one output.

Simulation results showed the effectiveness of the proposed approach achieving maximum power point. The fuzzy sliding mode (FSM) controller takes less time to track the maximum power point, reduced the oscillation around the operating point and also removed the chattering phenomena that could lead to decrease the efficiency of the photovoltaic system.


  1. DC-DC converter
  2. Fuzzy sliding mode control
  3. photovoltaic system
  4. MPPT
  5. Solar energy



In this paper, a fuzzy sliding mode controller based MPPT technique was developed and tested. The proposed controller is designed by combining the fuzzy logic and sliding mode control to guarantee the stability and the tracking performance and also to avoid the drawbacks of the traditional SM and FL controllers.

A Matlab/Simulink based simulation of a stand-alone PV system under varying climatic conditions and two levels of load was carried out to validate the proposed controller.

Simulation results demonstrate that the designed FSMC-MPPT exhibits good responses as it successfully and accurately achieved the maximum power point with a significantly higher performance than the P&O, SM and FLC strategies. The proposed approach provides a feasible approach to control PV power systems.


[1] Dounis, A.I., Kofinas, P., Alafodimos, C., &Tseles, D. (2013). Adaptive fuzzy gain scheduling PID controller for maximum power point tracking of photovoltaic system. Renewable energy, 60, 202-214.

[2] Bhatnagar, P., & Nema, R.K. (2013). Maximum power point tracking control techniques: State-of-the-art in photovoltaic applications. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 23, 224-241.

[3] Farhat, M., Barambones, O., & Sbita, L. (2015). Efficiency optimization of a DSP-based standalone PV system using a stable single input fuzzy logic controller. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 49, 907-920.

[4] Kalashani, Mostafa Barzegar et Farsadi, Murtaza. New Structure for Photovoltaic Systems with Maximum Power Point Tracking Ability. International Journal of Power Electronics and Drive Systems, 2014, vol. 4, no 4, p. 489.

[5] Liu, F., Kang, Y., Zhang, Y., & Duan, S. (2008, June). Comparison of P&O and hill climbing MPPT methods for grid-connected PV converter. In Industrial Electronics and Applications, 2008. ICIEA 2008. 3rd IEEE Conference on (pp. 804-807). IEEE.

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