Electric Vehicle Charging System with PV Grid- Connected Configuration

ABSTRACT:

This paper presents an experimental control strategy of electric vehicle charging system composed of photovoltaic (PV) array, converters, power grid emulator and programmable DC electronic load that represents Li-ion battery emulator. The designed system can supply the battery at the same time as PV energy production. The applied control strategy aims to extract maximum power from PV array and manages the energy flow through the battery with respect to its state of charge and taking into account the constraints of the public grid. The experimental results, obtained with a dSPACE 1103 controller board, show that the system responds within certain limits and confirm the relevance of such system for electric vehicle charging.

 KEYWORDS:

  1. Renewable energy integration
  2. Photovoltaic
  3. Battery electric vehicles
  4. Public grid
  5. Control charging system

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

CONCLUSION:

Smart grid with renewable electricity integrated concerns both the utility companies as well as the end-users. In the next ten years, the smart grid could concern the residential level with house power “routers”, whose goal is to intelligently manage and supply every home appliance by minimizing and redirecting the overall consumption. The prime goal of utility companies could be the real time demand management in order to adjust their electricity generation, for end user it could be the real time control of energy use, like EV charging system.

An experimental EV charging with PV grid-connected system control strategy was presented. The system control strategy aims to extract maximum power from PV array and manages the energy flow through the BEV, with respect to its SOC. The experimental results are obtained with a numerical modelling implemented under MATLAB-Simulink and a dSPACE 1103 controller board. In this work, a simple and quick to implement control was done. This control was not necessarily developed to improve global energy efficiency or life cycle of the BEV system. For this first approach, the goal was to verify the feasibility of the proposed system control. The results show that the system can supply a BEV at the same time as PV energy production and responds within certain limits of the PV power and public grid availability. Obtained test results indicate that the proposed control can successfully be used for buildings and car parking equipped with PV power plant.

The further work is the modelling of the behaviour of EV charging with PV grid-connected system as an operating subsystem under the supervision device as a control-command subsystem. The chosen approach will take into account the uncertainties on PV power production, public grid availability and BEV request, in order to achieve more efficient power transfer with a minimized public grid impact.

REFERENCES:

[1] S. D. Jenkins, J. R. Rossmaier, and M. Ferdowsi, “Utilization and effect of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles in the United States power grid”, in: Proc. IEEE Vehicle Power and Propulsion Conference, VPPC 2008.

[2] EPRI, “Environmental Assessment of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles; Volume 1: Nationwide Greenhouse Gas Emissions”, Final Report, July 2007.

[3] V. Marano and G. Rizzoni, “Energy and Economic Evaluation of PHEVs and their Interaction with Renewable Energy Sources and the Power Grid”, in: Proc. IEEE International Conference on Vehicular Electronics and Safety, 2008.

[4] Y. Gurkaynak and A. Khaligh, “Control and Power Management of a Grid Connected Residential Photovoltaic System with Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Load”, in Proc. IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition, APEC 2009.

[5] X. Li, L. A. C. Lopes, and S. S. Williamson, “On the suitability of plugin hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) charging infrastructures based on wind and solar energy”, in: Proc. IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting, PES 2009

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