DSTATCOM supported induction generator for improving power quality

 

ABSTRACT

This paper presents an implementation of sliding mode controller (SMC) along with a proportional and integral (PI) controller for a DSTATCOM (Distribution STATic COMpensator) for improving current induced power quality issues and voltage regulation of three-phase self-excited induction generator (SEIG). The use of SMC for regulating the DC link voltage of DSTATCOM offers various advantages such as reduction in number of sensors for estimating reference currents and the stable DC link voltage during transient conditions. The use of PI controller for terminal voltage control gives the error free voltage regulation in steady state conditions. The voltage regulation feature of DSTATCOM offers the advantages of single point voltage operation at the generator terminals with the reactive power compensation which avoids the saturation in the generator. Other offered advantages are balanced generator currents under any loading condition, harmonic currents mitigation, stable DC link voltage and the reduced number of sensors. The SMC algorithm is successfully implemented on a DSTATCOM employed with a three-phase SEIG feeding single phase or three phase loads. The performance of the proposed control algorithm is found satisfactory for voltage regulation and mitigation of power quality problems like reactive power compensation, harmonics elimination, and load balancing under nonlinear/linear loads.

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM:

Fig. 1 Configuration of DSTATCOM supported induction generator

a Schematic diagram of induction generator supported by VSC-based DSTATCOM

CONTROL DIAGRAM:

b Control algorithm of DSTATCOM for estimation of reference currents using SMC

with PI controller

EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS

Fig. 2 Simulation results of DSTATCOM

a Performance of DSTATCOM under three-phase and single-phase non-linear load

b, c Harmonic content of load current ila and generator current

 CONCLUSION

A DSTATCOM supported induction generator has been implemented with the SMC with PI control algorithm for mitigating the power quality problems and it has enhanced the active power capability of the generator. The SMC has been verified for the dynamics in the DC-link voltage and found robust and acceptably fast to avoid large variations in DC-link voltage. Moreover, from the experimental results it has been inferred that the sliding mode control with PI controller algorithm has been found capable of meeting various functionalities of DSTATCOM such as voltage regulation, source currents balancing, harmonics mitigation, and reactive power compensation.

REFERENCES

1 Bansal, R.C.: ‘Three phase self-excited induction generators: an overview’, IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 2005, 20, (2), pp. 292–299

2 Murthy, S.S., Singh, B., Gupta, S., et al.: ‘General steady-state analysis of three-phase self-excited induction generator feeding three-phase unbalanced load/ single-phase load for stand-alone applications’, IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib., 2003, 150, (1), pp. 49–55

3 Rai, H., Tandan, A., Murthy, S.S., et al.: ‘Voltage regulation of self-excited induction generator using passive elements’. Proc. IEEE Int. Conf. Electric Machines and Drives, September 1993, pp. 240–245

4 Singh, B., Shilpakar, L.: ‘Analysis of a novel solid state voltage regulator for a self-excited induction generator’, IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib., 1998, 145, (6), pp. 647–655

5 Singh, B., Murthy, S.S., Gupta, S.: ‘A solid state controller for self-excited induction generator for voltage regulation, harmonic compensation and load balancing’, J. Power Electron., 2005, 5, (2), pp. 109–119

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