This paper proposes a novel convertible unified power quality conditioner (CUPQC) by employing three voltage source converters (VSCs) which are connected to a multi-bus/multifeeder distribution system to mitigate current and voltage imperfections. The control performance of the VSCs is characterized by a minimum of six circuit open/close switches configurable in a minimum of seventeen combinations to enable the CUPQC to operate as shunt and series active power filters (APFs), unified power quality conditioner (UPQC), interline UPQC (IUPQC), multi-converter UPQC (MC-UPQC) and generalized UPQC (GUPQC). The simulation and compensation performance analysis of CUPQC are based on PSCAD/EMTDC.
Fig.1 Schematic representation of proposed CUPQC
EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS
Fig.2. Feeder1 (a) Load current (b) Source voltage
Fig.3. Feeder1 (a) Compensation currents (b) Compensation voltages
Fig.4. Feeder1 (a) Source currents (b) Load voltages
Fig.5. Feeder1 THD spectrum (a) Currents (b) Voltages
Fig.6. Feeder3 source voltage
Fig.7. Feeder3 compensation voltage
Fig.8. Feeder3 load voltages
Fig.9. Feeder3 voltage THD before and after compensation
Fig.10. (a) Feeder1source voltage (b) Feeder2 source voltage (c) Feeder3 load current
Fig.11. (a) Feeder1 compensation voltages (b) Feeder2 compensation
voltages(c) Feeder3 compensation currents
Fig.12. (a) Feeder1 load voltages (b) Feeder2 load voltages (c) Feeder3 source Currents
Fig.13. THD before and after compensation (a) Feeder1 voltage (b) Feeder2 voltage (c) Feeder3 current
Fig.14. RMS voltage (a) Feeder1 (b) Feeder2
In this paper the performance of the proposed CUPQC in three modes of operation as UPQC, MC-UPQC and GUPQC on a multi-bus/multi-feeder distribution system is validated by simulation results. The operating modes of the novel power quality conditioner in 17 different modes for compensation of currents and voltage interruptions are clearly explained. As an extension to this analysis, the authors are working on a model for characterization and testing of the proposed CUPQC.
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