A Comparative Study on the Speed Response of BLDC Motor Using Conventional PI Controller, Anti-windup PI Controller and Fuzzy Controller

 

ABSTRACT:

Brushless dc motors (BLDC) are widely used for various applications because of high torque, high speed and smaller size. This type of motors are non linear in nature and are affected highly by the non-linearities like load disturbance. Speed control of this motor is traditionally handled by conventional PI and PID controllers. This paper presents the speed control of BLDC motor using anti wind up PI controller. Problems like rollover can arise in conventional PI controller due to saturation effect. In order to avoid such problems anti wind up schemes are introduced. As the fuzzy controller has the ability to control and as it is simple to calculate, a fuzzy controller is also designed for speed control of BLDC motor. The control and simulation of BLDC motor have been done using software MATLAB/SIMULINK. The simulation results using anti wind up PI controller and fuzzy controller are compared with PI controller.

KEYWORDS:

  1. BLDC
  2. Speed response
  3. PI controller
  4. Fuzzy
  5. Anti windup

SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

BLOCK DIAGRAM:

 

Fig.1. Simulation block diagram

 EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:

 

 Fig.2. Speed response under no load

Fig.3. Speed response for step increase in speed

Fig.4. Speed response for step increase in speed

Fig.5. Speed response under loaded condition

Fig.6.Speed response under load condition

CONCLUSION:

 This paper presents the speed control of BLDC motor using anti wind up PI controller and fuzzy controller for three phase BLDC motor. The simulation results are compared with PI controller results. The conventional PI controller results are slower compared to fuzzy and anti wind up controllers. From the simulation results, it is clear that for the load variation anti wind up PI controller gave better response than conventional PI and fuzzy controller. Hence anti wind up PI controller is found to be more suitable for BLDC motor drive during load variation. It can also be observed from the simulation results that performance of fuzzy controller is better during the case of speed variation.

REFERENCES:

[1] R. Arulmozhiyal, R. Kandibanv, “Design of Fuzzy PID Controller for Brushless DC Motor”, in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics, Coimbatore, 2012.

[2] Anirban Ghoshal and Vinod John, “Anti-windup Schemes for Proportional Integral and Proportional Resonant Controller”, in Proc. National Power electronic conference, Roorkee, 2010.

[3] M. F. Z. Abidin, D. Ishak and A. Hasni Abu Hassan, “A Comparative Study of PI, Fuzzy and Hybrid PI Fuzzy Controller for Speed Control of Brushless DC Motor Drive”, in Proc. IEEE International conference on Computer applications and and Industrial electronics, Malysia, 2011.

[4] J. Choi, C. W Park, S. Rhyu and H. Sung, “Development and Control of BLDC Motor using Fuzzy Models”,in Proc. IEEE international Conference on Robotics, Automation and Mechatronics, Chengdu, 2004.

[5] C. Bohn and D.P. Atherton, “An analysis package comparing PID anti-windup strategies,” IEEE Trans. controls system, Vol.15, No. 2, pp.34-40, 1995.

 

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