A Novel Control Strategy for a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator

ABSTRACT:

This paper presents a novel control strategy for the operation of a direct drive permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG) based stand alone variable speed wind turbine. The control strategy for the generator side converter with maximum power extraction is discussed. The stand alone control is featured with output voltage and frequency controller capable of handling variable load. The potential excess of power is dissipated in the damp resistor with the chopper control and the dc link voltage is maintained. Dynamic representation of dc bus and small signal analysis are presented. Simulation results show that the controllers can extract maximum power and regulate the voltage and frequency under varying wind and load conditions. The controller shows very good dynamic and steady state performance.

KEYWORDS:

  1. Permanent magnet synchronous generator
  2. Maximum power extraction
  3. Switch-mode rectifier
  4. Variable speed
  5. Wind turbine
  6. Voltage and frequency control

 SOFTWARE: MATLAB/SIMULINK

 CONCLUSION:

Control strategy for a direct drive stand alone variable speed wind turbine with a PMSG is presented in this paper. A simple control strategy for the generator side converter to extract maximum power is discussed and implemented using Simpower dynamic system simulation software. The controller is capable to maximize output of the variable speed wind turbine under fluctuating wind. The load side PWM inverter is controlled using vector control scheme to maintain the amplitude and frequency of the inverter output voltage. It is seen that the controller can maintain the load voltage and frequency quite well at constant load and under varying load condition. The generating system with the proposed control strategy is suitable for a small scale standalone variable speed wind turbine installation for remote area power supply. The simulation results demonstrate that the controller works very well and shows very good dynamic and steady state performance.

REFERENCES:

[1] Müller, S., Deicke, M., and De Doncker, Rik W.: ‘Doubly fed induction genertaor system for wind turbines’, IEEE Industry Applications Magazine, May/June, 2002, pp. 26-33.

[2] Polinder H., Van der Pijl F. F. A, de Vilder G. J., Tavner P. J.:  “Comparison of direct-drive and geared generator concepts for wind turbines,” IEEE Trans. on energy conversion, 2006, . 21, (3), pp. 725- 733.

[3] Chan T. F., and Lai L. L., “Permanenet-magnet machines for distributed generation: a review,” Proc. IEEE power engineering annual meeting, 2007, pp. 1-6.

[4] De Broe M., Drouilhet S., and Gevorgian V.: “A peak power tracker for small wind turbines in battery charging applications,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers. 1999, 14, (4), pp. 1630–1635.

[5] Datta R., and Ranganathan V. T.: “A method of tracking the peak power points for a variable speed wind energy conversion system,” IEEE Trans. Energy Convers., 1999, 18, (1), pp. 163–168.

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