IEEE Electrical Projects hyderabad-2015/2016/2017

Software Used: Matlab/Simulink

Areas : Power Electronics and Drives, Power Systems, Renewable Energy and sources, etc

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Asoka technologies provide IEEE Electrical Projects hyderabad

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electro magnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broad casting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.

Electrical engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of sub fields including electronics, digital computers, power engineering, tele communications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. Many of these sub disciplines overlap and also overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics, electro magnetics & waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electro chemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, electrical materials science, and many more.

POWER ELECTRONICS is the application of solid-state electronics to the control and conversion of electric power. The first high power electronic devices were mercury-arc valves. In modern systems the conversion is performed with semiconductor switching devices such as diodes, thyristors and transistors, pioneered by R. D. Middlebrook and others beginning in the 1950s. In contrast to electronic systems concerned with transmission and processing of signals and data, in power electronics substantial amounts of electrical energy are processed. An AC/DC converter (rectifier) is the most typical power electronics device found in many consumer electronic devices, e.g. television sets, personal computers, battery chargers, etc. The power range is typically from tens of watts to several hundred watts. In industry a common application is the variable speed drive (VSD) that is used to control an induction motor. The power range of VSDs start from a few hundred watts and end at tens of megawatts.

An ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM is a network of electrical components deployed to supply, transfer, and use electric power. An example of an electric power system is the the grid that provides power to an extended area. An electrical grid power system can be broadly divided into the generators that supply the power, the transmission system that carries the power from the generating centres to the load centres, and the distribution system that feeds the power to nearby homes and industries. Smaller power systems are also found in industry, hospitals, commercial buildings and homes. The majority of these systems rely upon three-phase AC power—the standard for large-scale power transmission and distribution across the modern world. Specialised power systems that do not always rely upon three-phase AC power are found in aircraft, electric rail systems, ocean liners and automobiles.

MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth-generation programming language. A proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks, MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, Fortran and Python.

SIMULINK, developed by MathWorks, is a graphical programming environment for modeling, simulating and analyzing multidomain dynamic systems. Its primary interface is a graphical block diagramming tool and a customizable set of block libraries. It offers tight integration with the rest of the MATLAB environment and can either drive MATLAB or be scripted from it. Simulink is widely used in automatic control and digital signal processing for multidomain simulation and Model-Based Design.

IEEE Electrical Projects hyderabad

# Monthly Archives: August 2018

# IEEE Electrical Projects in bhadradri kothagudem

### IEEE Electrical Projects bhadradri kothagudem-

Software Used: Matlab/Simulink

Areas : Power Electronics and Drives, Power Systems, Renewable Energy and sources, etc

Contact us:

email: asokatechnologies@gmail.com

website: www.asokatechnologies.in

Asoka technologies provide IEEE Electrical Projects bhadradri kothagudem

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electro magnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broad casting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.

Electrical engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of sub fields including electronics, digital computers, power engineering, tele communications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. Many of these sub disciplines overlap and also overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics, electro magnetics & waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electro chemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, electrical materials science, and many more.

POWER ELECTRONICS is the application of solid-state electronics to the control and conversion of electric power. The first high power electronic devices were mercury-arc valves. In modern systems the conversion is performed with semiconductor switching devices such as diodes, thyristors and transistors, pioneered by R. D. Middlebrook and others beginning in the 1950s. In contrast to electronic systems concerned with transmission and processing of signals and data, in power electronics substantial amounts of electrical energy are processed. An AC/DC converter (rectifier) is the most typical power electronics device found in many consumer electronic devices, e.g. television sets, personal computers, battery chargers, etc. The power range is typically from tens of watts to several hundred watts. In industry a common application is the variable speed drive (VSD) that is used to control an induction motor. The power range of VSDs start from a few hundred watts and end at tens of megawatts.

An ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM is a network of electrical components deployed to supply, transfer, and use electric power. An example of an electric power system is the the grid that provides power to an extended area. An electrical grid power system can be broadly divided into the generators that supply the power, the transmission system that carries the power from the generating centres to the load centres, and the distribution system that feeds the power to nearby homes and industries. Smaller power systems are also found in industry, hospitals, commercial buildings and homes. The majority of these systems rely upon three-phase AC power—the standard for large-scale power transmission and distribution across the modern world. Specialised power systems that do not always rely upon three-phase AC power are found in aircraft, electric rail systems, ocean liners and automobiles.

MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth-generation programming language. A proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks, MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, Fortran and Python.

SIMULINK, developed by MathWorks, is a graphical programming environment for modeling, simulating and analyzing multidomain dynamic systems. Its primary interface is a graphical block diagramming tool and a customizable set of block libraries. It offers tight integration with the rest of the MATLAB environment and can either drive MATLAB or be scripted from it. Simulink is widely used in automatic control and digital signal processing for multidomain simulation and Model-Based Design.

IEEE Electrical Projects bhadradri kothagudem

# IEEE ELECTRICAL PROJECTS IN ADILABAD

IEEE Electrical Projects adilabad-2015/2016/2017

Software Used: Matlab/Simulink

Areas : Power Electronics and Drives, Power Systems, Renewable Energy and sources, etc

Download

Contact us:

email: asokatechnologies@gmail.com

website: www.asokatechnologies.in

Asoka technologies provide IEEE Electrical Projects adilabad

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING is a field of engineering that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electro magnetism. This field first became an identifiable occupation in the later half of the 19th century after commercialization of the electric telegraph, the telephone, and electric power distribution and use. Subsequently, broad casting and recording media made electronics part of daily life. The invention of the transistor, and later the integrated circuit, brought down the cost of electronics to the point they can be used in almost any household object.

Electrical engineering has now subdivided into a wide range of sub fields including electronics, digital computers, power engineering, tele communications, control systems, radio-frequency engineering, signal processing, instrumentation, and microelectronics. Many of these sub disciplines overlap and also overlap with other engineering branches, spanning a huge number of specializations such as hardware engineering, power electronics, electro magnetics & waves, microwave engineering, nanotechnology, electro chemistry, renewable energies, mechatronics, electrical materials science, and many more.

POWER ELECTRONICS is the application of solid-state electronics to the control and conversion of electric power. The first high power electronic devices were mercury-arc valves. In modern systems the conversion is performed with semiconductor switching devices such as diodes, thyristors and transistors, pioneered by R. D. Middlebrook and others beginning in the 1950s. In contrast to electronic systems concerned with transmission and processing of signals and data, in power electronics substantial amounts of electrical energy are processed. An AC/DC converter (rectifier) is the most typical power electronics device found in many consumer electronic devices, e.g. television sets, personal computers, battery chargers, etc. The power range is typically from tens of watts to several hundred watts. In industry a common application is the variable speed drive (VSD) that is used to control an induction motor. The power range of VSDs start from a few hundred watts and end at tens of megawatts.

An ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM is a network of electrical components deployed to supply, transfer, and use electric power. An example of an electric power system is the the grid that provides power to an extended area. An electrical grid power system can be broadly divided into the generators that supply the power, the transmission system that carries the power from the generating centres to the load centres, and the distribution system that feeds the power to nearby homes and industries. Smaller power systems are also found in industry, hospitals, commercial buildings and homes. The majority of these systems rely upon three-phase AC power—the standard for large-scale power transmission and distribution across the modern world. Specialised power systems that do not always rely upon three-phase AC power are found in aircraft, electric rail systems, ocean liners and automobiles.

MATLAB (matrix laboratory) is a multi-paradigm numerical computing environment and fourth-generation programming language. A proprietary programming language developed by MathWorks, MATLAB allows matrix manipulations, plotting of functions and data, implementation of algorithms, creation of user interfaces, and interfacing with programs written in other languages, including C, C++, C#, Java, Fortran and Python.

SIMULINK, developed by MathWorks, is a graphical programming environment for modeling, simulating and analyzing multidomain dynamic systems. Its primary interface is a graphical block diagramming tool and a customizable set of block libraries. It offers tight integration with the rest of the MATLAB environment and can either drive MATLAB or be scripted from it. Simulink is widely used in automatic control and digital signal processing for multidomain simulation and Model-Based Design.

IEEE Electrical Projects adilabad

# A Modified Three-Phase Four-Wire UPQC Topology With Reduced DC-Link Voltage Rating

**ABSTRACT **

The unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) is a custom power device, which mitigates voltage and current-related PQ issues in the power distribution systems. In this paper, a UPQC topology for applications with non-stiff source is proposed. The proposed topology enables UPQC to have a reduced dc-link voltage without compromising its compensation capability. This proposed topology also helps to match the dc-link voltage requirement of the shunt and series active filters of the UPQC. The topology uses a capacitor in series with the interfacing inductor of the shunt active filter, and the system neutral is connected to the negative terminal of the dc-link voltage to avoid the requirement of the fourth leg in the voltage source inverter (VSI) of the shunt active filter. The average switching frequency of the switches in the VSI also reduces, consequently the switching losses in the inverters reduce. Detailed design aspects of the series capacitor and VSI parameters have been discussed in the paper. A simulation study of the proposed topology has been carried out using PSCAD simulator, and the results are presented. Experimental studies are carried out on three-phase UPQC prototype to verify the proposed topology.

**KEYWORDS**

- Average switching frequency
- Dc-link voltage
- Hybrid topology
- Non-stiff source
- Unified power quality conditioner (UPQC)

**SOFTWARE:** MATLAB/SIMULINK

**CIRCUIT DIAGRAM:**

Fig. 1. Equivalent circuit of proposed VSI topology for UPQC compensated system (modified topology).

** ****EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS**

** **

Fig. 2. Simulation results before compensation (a) load currents (b) terminal voltages.

Fig. 3. Simulation results using conventional topology. (a) DC capacitor voltages (top and bottom). (b) Source currents after compensation. (c) Voltage across the interfacing inductor in phase-*a *of the shunt active filter. (d) Shunt active filter currents. (e) Terminal voltages with sag, DVR-injected voltages, and load voltages after compensation.

** **

Fig. 4. Simulation results with modified topology. (a) Voltage across series capacitor and load voltage in phase-*a*. (b) Inverter output voltage in leg-*a *of shunt active filter. (c) DC and fundamental values of voltage across series capacitor and inverter output voltage.

Fig. 5. Simulation results using modified topology. (a) DC capacitor voltages. (b) Source currents after compensation. (c) Voltage across the interfacing inductor in phase-*a *of the shunt active filter. (d) Shunt active filter currents. (e) Terminal voltages with sag, DVR injected voltages, and load voltages after compensation.

** ****CONCLUSION**

A modified UPQC topology for three-phase four-wire system has been proposed in this paper, which has the capability to compensate the load at a lower dc-link voltage under nonstiff source. Design of the filter parameters for the series and shunt active filters is explained in detail. The proposed method is validated through simulation and experimental studies in a three-phase distribution system with neutral-clamped UPQC topology (conventional). The proposed modified topology gives the advantages of both the conventional neutral-clamped topology and the four-leg topology. Detailed comparative studies are made for the conventional and modified topologies. From the study, it is found that the modified topology has less average switching frequency, less THDs in the source currents, and load voltages with reduced dc-link voltage as compared to the conventional UPQC topology.

**REFERENCES **

[1] M. Bollen, *Understanding Power Quality Problems: Voltage Sags and Interruptions*. New York: IEEE Press, 1999.

[2] S. V. R. Kumar and S. S. Nagaraju, “Simulation of DSTATCOM and DVR in power systems,” *ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci.*, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 7–13, Jun. 2007.

[3] B. T. Ooi, J. C. Salmon, J. W. Dixon, and A. B. Kulkarni, “A three phase controlled-current PWM converter with leading power factor,” *IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.*, vol. IA-23, no. 1, pp. 78–84, Jan. 1987.

[4] Y. Ye, M. Kazerani, and V. Quintana, “Modeling, control and implementation of three-phase PWM converters,” *IEEE Trans. Power Electron.*, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 857–864, May 2003.

[5] R. Gupta, A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi, “Multiband hysteresis modulation and switching characterization for sliding-mode-controlled cascaded multilevel inverter,” *IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 2344–2353, Jul. 2010.

# A Modified Three-Phase Four-Wire UPQC Topology with Reduced DC-Link Voltage Rating

**ABSTRACT**

The unified power quality conditioner (UPQC) is a custom power device, which mitigates voltage and current-related PQ issues in the power distribution systems. In this paper, a UPQC topology for applications with non-stiff source is proposed. The proposed topology enables UPQC to have a reduced dc-link voltage without compromising its compensation capability. This proposed topology also helps to match the dc-link voltage requirement of the shunt and series active filters of the UPQC. The topology uses a capacitor in series with the interfacing inductor of the shunt active filter, and the system neutral is connected to the negative terminal of the dc-link voltage to avoid the requirement of the fourth leg in the voltage source inverter (VSI) of the shunt active filter. The average switching frequency of the switches in the VSI also reduces, consequently the switching losses in the inverters reduce. Detailed design aspects of the series capacitor and VSI parameters have been discussed in the paper. A simulation study of the proposed topology has been carried out using PSCAD simulator, and the results are presented. Experimental studies are carried out on three-phase UPQC prototype to verify the proposed topology.

**SOFTWARE: **MATLAB/SIMULINK

** **** **

**BLOCK DIAGRAM:**

Fig. 1 Control block diagram for UPQC.

** **

**EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:**

Fig. 2. Simulation results before compensation (a) load currents (b) terminal voltages.

** **

Fig. 3 Simulation results using conventional topology. (a) DC capacitor voltages (top and bottom). (b) Source currents after compensation. (c) Voltage across the interfacing inductor in phase-*a *of the shunt active filter. (d) Shunt active filter currents. (e) Terminal voltages with sag, DVR-injected voltages, and load voltages after compensation.

Fig. 4. Simulation results with modified topology. (a) Voltage across series capacitor and load voltage in phase-*a*. (b) Inverter output voltage in leg-*a* of shunt active filter. (c) DC and fundamental values of voltage across series capacitor and inverter output voltage.

** **

Fig. 5. Simulation results using modified topology. (a) DC capacitor voltages. (b) Source currents after compensation. (c) Voltage across the interfacing inductor in phase-*a *of the shunt active filter. (d) Shunt active filter currents. (e) Terminal voltages with sag, DVR injected voltages, and load voltages after compensation.

** **

**CONCLUSION**

A modified UPQC topology for three-phase four-wire system has been proposed in this paper, which has the capability to compensate the load at a lower dc-link voltage under nonstiff source. Design of the filter parameters for the series and shunt active filters is explained in detail. The proposed method is validated through simulation and experimental studies in a three-phase distribution system with neutral-clamped UPQC topology (conventional). The proposed modified topology gives the advantages of both the conventional neutral-clamped topology and the four-leg topology. Detailed comparative studies are made for the conventional and modified topologies. From the study, it is found that the modified topology has less average switching frequency, less THDs in the source currents, and load voltages with reduced dc-link voltage as compared to the conventional UPQC topology.

** **

**REFERENCES **

- Bollen,
*Understanding Power Quality Problems: Voltage Sags and Interruptions*. New York: IEEE Press, 1999. - V. R. Kumar and S. S. Nagaraju, “Simulation of DSTATCOM and DVR in power systems,”
*ARPN J. Eng. Appl. Sci.*, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 7–13, Jun. 2007. - T. Ooi, J. C. Salmon, J. W. Dixon, and A. B. Kulkarni, “A threephase controlled-current PWM converter with leading power factor,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.*, vol. IA-23, no. 1, pp. 78–84, Jan. 1987. - Ye, M. Kazerani, and V. Quintana, “Modeling, control and implementation of three-phase PWM converters,”
*IEEE Trans. Power Electron.*, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 857–864, May 2003. - Gupta, A. Ghosh, and A. Joshi, “Multiband hysteresis modulation and switching characterization for sliding-mode-controlled cascaded multilevel inverter,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 2344–2353, Jul. 2010.

# Transformer-less dynamic voltage restorer based on buck-boost converter

**ABSTRACT**

In this study, a new topology for dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) has been proposed. The topology is inspired by the buck-boost ac/ac converter to produce the required compensation voltage. This topology is able to compensate different voltage disturbances such as sag, swell and flicker without leap of the phase angle. The mass of the proposed topology has been reduced due to lack of injection topology. In addition to, the required compensation energy is directly delivered from the grid through the grid voltage. Therefore, the massive dc-link capacitors are not required to implement. To verify the qualification of the topology, the simulation results by MATLAB/SIMULINK software have been presented. Moreover, an experimental prototype of the case study has been designed and tested.

**SOFTWARE: **MATLAB/SIMULINK

** **

**BLOCK DIAGRAM:**

Fig. 1 Proposed topology

**EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:**

Fig. 2. Simulation results for sag compensation

** **

Fig. 3 Simulation results for swell compensation

Fig. 4. Simulation results

**CONCLUSION**

In this paper a new topology for DVR using buck-boost ac/ac converter was proposed. This topology contains five bidirectional switches, an inductor and a capacitor. Unlike the conventional topologies, the proposed DVR does not have any injection transformer due to the structural features. Because of direct connection to the grid, the storage elements are not required in the proposed topology. Therefore, this topology has less physical volume, mass and price in comparison with traditional topologies. Any kind of voltage disturbances can be compensated by the proposed topology and the effective operation has been confirmed by simulation and experimental results.

** **

** **

** **

**REFERENCES **

** **

- Hietpas, S.M., Naden, M.: ‘Automatic voltage regulator using an AC voltagevoltage converter’,
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.*, 2000,**36**, (1), pp. 33–38 - Vilathgamuwa, D.M., Member, S., Perera, A.A.D.R.
*, et al.*: ‘Dynamic voltage restorer’, 2003,**18**, (3), pp. 928–936 - Wijekoon, H.M., Vilathgamuwa, D.M., Choi, S.S.: ‘Interline dynamic voltage restorer: an economical way to improve interline power quality’,
*IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib.*, 2003,**150**, (5), pp. 513–520 - Wang, B., Member, S., Venkataramanan, G.
*, et al.*: ‘Operation and control of a dynamic voltage restorer using transformer coupled H-bridge converters’, 2006,**21**, (4), pp. 1053–1061 - Babaei, E., Farhadi Kangarlu, M.: ‘Voltage quality improvement by a dynamic voltage restorer based on a direct three-phase converter with fictitious DC link’,
*IET Gener. Transm. Distrib.*, 2011,**5**, (8), p. 814

# Sensitive Load Voltage Compensation Performed by a Suitable Control Method

**IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2016**

**ABSTRACT**

This work proposes the usage of a repetitive-based control to dynamically restore the voltage applied to sensitive and critical loads of power system. The control intrinsically is able to wipe off harmonic distortion and relies on simple transfer function. As a consequence, there is no need to apply harmonic selective filters. Furthermore, the control system is able to work out on sinusoid references and, thus, avoids the need of employing the dq transform. A recursive least-squares is also included to the control system in order to assure the synchronization of the voltages to be restored. The design of the control parameters along with the system stability is discussed. The experimental results are produced with a setup of a three phase series compensator. The scenarios for emulating faulty voltages are the same for experimental and simulated results. The results corroborate the usage of the proposed method.

**KEYWORDS**

- Bode plot
- DVR-Dynamic voltage restorer
- Nyquist stability
- Repetitive control
- Sensitive load
- Series compensator
- Voltage quality
- Voltage sag.

**SOFTWARE: **MATLAB/SIMULINK

** **

**BLOCK DIAGRAM:**

Fig. 1 Series compensation system. (a) Electrical grid with compensation to sensitive load. (b) Single-phase equivalent circuit for the feed of sensitive load.

** **

**EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:**

Fig. 2. Sagged grid scenario. (a) Sagged and controlled output voltages. (b) Detail of the correction instant.

** **

Fig. 3 Sagged/distorted grid and controlled output voltages.

Fig. 4. Sagged grid and controlled output voltages with RLS algorithm included.

Fig. 5. Sagged/distorted grid scenario. (a) Sagged/distorted and controlled output voltages. (b) Detail of the correction instant.

** **

**CONCLUSION**

This paper has proposed a repetitive control technique to be applied to a series compensator which protects critical loads against voltage distortions from the power grid. The system stability is assured by a low-pass filter which attenuates the resonant peaks from the repetitive controller above a frequency value. This value should be greater than the expected highest harmonic interference endured by the system. The low-pass filter is cascaded with the repetitive controller. The control system is implemented in the discrete domain, employing the trapezoidal integration. Three scenarios including harmonics and sag interferences have been used to test the proposed control system. The controller has proved to be effective to mitigate them. Furthermore, an experimental setup of the series compensator has been mounted to verify the simulations. The results corroborate the proposed controller.

** **

**REFERENCES **

- Jothibasu and M. Mishra, “An improved direct AC-AC converter for voltage sag mitigation,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 21–29, Jan. 2015. - R. Alam, K. M. Muttaqi, and A. Bouzerdoum, “Characterizing voltage sags and swells using three-phase voltage ellipse parameters,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.*, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 2780–2790, Apr. 2015. - Hao and X. Yonghai, “Control strategy of PV inverter under unbalanced grid voltage sag,” in
*IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition, ECCE*, vol. 1, no. 1, Sept. 2014, pp. 1029–1034. - W. Li, D. M. Vilathgamuwa, F. Blaabjerg, and P. Loh, “A robust control scheme for medium-voltage-level DVR implementation,”
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron.*, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 2249–2261, Aug. 2007. - Jothibasu and M. Mishra, “A control scheme for storageless DVR based on characterization of voltage sags,”
*IEEE Trans. Power Del.*, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 2261–2269, Oct. 2014.

# Self-tuned fuzzy-proportional–integral compensated zero/minimum active power algorithm based dynamic voltage restorer

Self-tuned fuzzy-proportional–integral compensated zero/minimum active power algorithm based dynamic voltage restorer

**ABSTRACT:**

Voltage sag is the most common and severe power quality problem in the recent times due to its detrimental effects on modern sensitive equipment. Generally, direct-on-line starting of the three-phase induction motor (IM) and various kinds of short circuit fault are directly responsible for this event. This study investigates the impacts of starting and stopping of two three phase IMs on the load voltage profile. To be more critical, two three-phase short circuit faults and one unsymmetrical fault are also simulated in the same network at different instants of time. A simple control algorithm of a real power optimised dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) with a reduced power factor strategy is presented to protect the sensitive load from these types of detrimental events. A novel fuzzy-proportional–integral based self-tuned control methodology is implemented in the proposed work to compensate the loss in the DVR circuit as well as to regulate the load voltage and the direct current link voltage. The results show the effectiveness of the adopted control scheme in DVR application to mitigate the voltage sag.

** KEYWORDS:**

- Dynamic Voltage Restorer
- fuzzy-proportional-integral

**SOFTWARE:** MATLAB/SIMULINK

**DIAGRAM:**

** **

Fig. 1 Investigated distributed test system with DVR

** **** **

**EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:**

Figure 2. Voltage profile of load and DVR **(a) **Without DVR, **(b) **DVR voltage, **(c) **With DVR, **(d) **DC voltage

Figure 3 Torque profile of IMs **(a) **Motor 1without DVR, **(b) **Motor 2 without DVR, **(c) **Motor 1 with DVR, **(d) **Motor 2 with DVR

** **

Figure 4. Pertaining to unsymmetrical fault **(a) **Load voltage without DVR, **(b) **DVR voltage, **(c) **Load voltage with DVR

Figure 5. Active DVR power profile pertaining to **(a) **In-phase compensation, **(b) **Present technique

** ****CONCLUSION:**

This study divulges a simple yet robust reduced power factor controlled energy optimised algorithm in DVR to offer a common solution to mitigate the severe voltage sag. Minimisation of energy delivered may increase the life of the ESU, therefore limits the expenditure indirectly. The self-tuned fuzzy-Proportional-Integral scheme also plays a significant role to regulate the active power through the DVR as well as to compensate the load voltage and DVR losses. The results obtained in this work shows that the proposed DVR solution provides a good and satisfactory level of compensation. The system voltage has been compensated nearly up to its nominal value. The DC voltage is also very fairly regulated. The application of DVR reduces the level of oscillation in the torque profile of the IM. The proposed method is also compared with other strategies surfaced in the existing literature and it is unfold that the proposed strategy offers better harmonic compensation and it also provides better damping in the load voltage. Thus, it may be concluded that the proposed control technique of DVR, operated by adaptive fuzzy control scheme, may be justified for utilizing the same as a common sag mitigating device. Within the context of the present study, the work is ended with simulation only. However, the same may be tested on an experimental bench fuzzy-proportional-integral.

** **

**REFERENCES:**

- McGranaghan, M.F., Mueller, D.R., Samotyj, M.J.: ‘Voltage sags in industrial systems’,
*IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl.*, 1993, 29, (2), pp. 397–403 - Moreno-Munoz, A., De-la-Rosa, J.J.G., Lopez-Rodriguez, M.A.
*, et al.*: ‘Improvement of power quality using distributed generation’,*J. Electr. Power Energy Syst.*, 2010, 32, (10), pp. 1069–1076 - Bollen, M.H.J.: ‘
*Understanding power quality problems*’ (Wiley-IEEE Press, Hoboken, NJ, USA, 1999) - Honrubia-Escribano, A., Gomez-Lazaro, E., Molina-Garcia, A.
*, et al.*: ‘Influence of voltage dips on industrial equipment: analysis and assessment’,*J. Electr. Power Energy Syst.*, 2012, 41, pp. 87–95 - Kamble, S., Thorat, C.: ‘Characteristics analysis of voltage sag in distribution system using rms voltage method’,
*ACEEE Int. J. Electr. Power Eng.*, 2012,3, (1), pp. 55–61

# Investigation on Dynamic Voltage Restorers With Two DC-Links and Series Converters for Three-Phase Four-Wire Systems

**IEEE, 2014 **

**ABSTRACT**

This paper proposes three dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) topologies. Such configurations are able to compensate voltage sags/swells in three-phase four-wire (3P4W) systems under balanced and unbalanced conditions. The proposed systems in this work use two independent dc-links. The complete control system, including the PWM technique, is developed and comparisons between the proposed configurations and a conventional one are performed. Simulation and experimental results are provided to validate the theoretical approach.

**SOFTWARE: **MATLAB/SIMULINK

** **

**BLOCK DIAGRAM:**

Fig. 1 Typical DVR location in a 3P4W power distribution system

** **

** ****EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS:**

Fig. 2. Simulation results. Injected voltages by the DVR considering conventional 3HB topology and proposed configurations with equal dc-link voltages (vCa=vCb ! dc-link ratio 1:1) and different dc-link voltages (vCa 6= vCb ! dc-link ratios 1:2 and 1:3).

** **

Fig. 3 Simulation results. Dynamic system operation under 30% single-phase sag in time domain. (a) Grid voltages. (b) Injected voltages by DVR. (c) Load voltages.

Fig. 4. Simulation results. Dynamic system operation under 30% two-phase sag in time domain. (a) Grid voltages. (b) Injected voltages by DVR. (c) Load voltages.

Fig. 5. Simulation results. Dynamic system operation under 30% three-phase sag in time domain. (a) Grid voltages. (b) Injected voltages by DVR. (c) Load voltages.

** **

**CONCLUSION**

In this paper three four-wire dynamic voltage restorers (DVRs) have been presented. The studied configurations in this work are based on the concept of open-end winding. Simulated and experimental results presented show that the proposed DVRs are feasible and suitable for power distribution system with YY transformers with neutrals grounded.

** **

**REFERENCES **

- Brumsickle, G. Luckjiff, R. Schneider, D. Divan, and M. Mc- Granaghan, “Dynamic sag correctors: cost effective industrial power line conditioning,” in Industry Applications Conference, 1999. Thirty-Fourth IAS Annual Meeting. Conference Record of the 1999 IEEE, vol. 2, pp. 1339–1344 vol.2, 1999.
- McGranaghan, D. Mueller, and M. Samotyj, “Voltage sags in industrial systems,” Industry Applications, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 397–403, 1993.
- -m. Ho and H.-H. Chung, “Implementation and performance evaluation of a fast dynamic control scheme for capacitor-supported interline DVR,” Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 25, no. 8,pp. 1975–1988, 2010.
- Ghosh and G. Ledwich, “Compensation of distribution system voltage using DVR,” Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 1030–1036, 2002.
- Nielsen, M. Newman, H. Nielsen, and F. Blaabjerg, “Control and testing of a dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) at medium voltage level,” Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 806–813,2004.

# Predictive Voltage Control of Transformer-less Dynamic Voltage Restorer

**IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2013**

**ABSTRACT:**

This paper presents a predictive voltage control scheme for effective control of transformer-less dynamic voltage restorer (TDVR). This control scheme utilizes discrete model of voltage source inverter (VSI) and interfacing filter for generation of switching strategy of inverter switches. Predictive voltage control algorithm based TDVR tracks reference voltage effectively and maintains load voltages sinusoidal during various voltage disturbances as well as load conditions. Moreover, this scheme does not require any linear controller or modulation technique. Simulation and experimental results are presented to verify the performance of proposed scheme.

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**KEYWORDS:**

- Predictive voltage control
- Transformer-less dynamic voltage restorer (TDVR)
- Voltage disturbance

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**SOFTWARE:** MATLAB/SIMULINK

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**BLOCK DIAGRAM:**

Fig.1. Single-phase TDVR compensated distribution system.

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**EXPECTED SIMULATION RESULTS: **

** **Fig.2. Simulation waveforms under voltage sag with 5 mH filter inductance. (a) Source voltage. (b) Load voltage.

Fig.3. Simulation waveforms under voltage sag. (a) Source voltage. (b) Load voltage.

Fig.4. Simulation waveforms under voltage swell. (a) Source voltage. (b) Load voltage.

Fig.5. Simulation waveforms under voltage sag with RC type nonlinear load. (a) Source voltage. (b) Load voltage. (c) Load current.

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**CONCLUSION:**

This paper presents the speed control of BLDC motor using anti wind up PI controller and fuzzy controller for three phase BLDC motor. The simulation results are compared with PI controller results. The conventional PI controller results are slower compared to fuzzy and anti wind up controllers. From the simulation results, it is clear that for the load variation anti wind up PI controller gave better response than conventional PI and fuzzy controller. Hence anti wind up PI controller is found to be more suitable for BLDC motor drive during load variation. It can also be observed from the simulation results that performance of fuzzy controller is better during the case of speed variation.

**REFERENCES:**

- Arulmozhiyal, R. Kandibanv, “Design of Fuzzy PID Controller for Brushless DC Motor”,
*in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Computer Communication and Informatics*, Coimbatore, 2012. - Anirban Ghoshal and Vinod John, “Anti-windup Schemes for Proportional Integral and Proportional Resonant Controller”,
*in Proc. National Power electronic conference,*Roorkee, 2010. - F. Z. Abidin, D. Ishak and A. Hasni Abu Hassan, “A Comparative Study of PI, Fuzzy and Hybrid PI Fuzzy Controller for Speed Control of Brushless DC Motor Drive”,
*in Proc. IEEE International conference on Computer applications and and Industrial electronics*, Malysia, 2011. - Choi, C. W Park, S. Rhyu and H. Sung, “Development and Control of BLDC Motor using Fuzzy Models”,
*in Proc. IEEE international Conference on Robotics, Automation and Mechatronics*, Chengdu, 2004. - Bohn and D.P. Atherton, “An analysis package comparing PID anti-windup strategies,”
*IEEE Trans. controls system,*Vol.15, No. 2, pp.34-40, 1995.